SOIL PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS NEAR THE RESERVOIR OF THE LUIZ GONZAGA HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT - PE

Silvanete S. da Silva

Abstract


The erosive processes generated at the reservoir banks affect the quantity and the water supply, causing serious environmental and economic consequences. The objective of this study was to define the erosive laminar process in the surroundings of the reservoir of the Hydroelectric Power Plant. To perform the evaluation in sixteen areas, Echanced Thematic Mapper Plus images were used from Ladsat 7 satellite, RGB color composition and 543 bands, with nine classes of use and occupation of the areas, as well as the methodology with erosion pins. The pedological survey revealed a variation in the taxonomic classes, such as: Eutrophic Regolithic Neosol (area 1); Eutrophic Littoral Neosol (areas 2, 3, 4, 12 and 13); Optical Quartzene Neosol (areas 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 16); Luvissolo Crômico Órtico (area 5); And Eutrophic Haphol Plantain (area 15); The physical characterization of the soils and the soil loss of the marginal debulking (ranging from the very low to severe level) studied were susceptible to erosive processes. Soil loss in the studied areas varied from 85.00 to 205.20 kg ha-1ano-1.

 


Keywords


physical degradation, sediments, soil loss.

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