As Lógicas da Inferência Causal na Ciência Política: Argumento e Evidências

Flávio da Cunha Rezende

Resumo


O artigo analisa transformações nos padrões de cientificidade da Ciência Política ao longo das duas últimas décadas. A análise oferece evidências que corroboram a hipótese de que a produção de alto fator de impacto na Ciência Política vem passando por um processo de ajuste às regras de inferência em sintonia com o que ocorre nas ciências sociais empíricas de forma mais geral. O artigo procura entender mais de perto, padrões, tendências, e variabilidade entre periódicos de alto fator de impacto na ciência política. Este ajuste termina por configurar uma condição característica que conceituamos como o Pluralismo Inferencial, no qual coexistem múltiplas lógicas de causação para a produção de inferências válidas. A partir de uma metodologia original e de dados de contagem extraídos de um corpus de 2.644 artigos publicados em seis importantes periódicos no período pós 2005, a análise empírica busca corroborar a condição característica do pluralismo inferencial.

Palavras-chave


Metodologia; Ciência Política; Pluralismo Inferencial; Inferência Causal

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Referências


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