A conceptual framework to promote wetlands ecosystems management in strategic environmental assessment

Fabio Leandro da Silva, Marta Severino Stefani, Welber Senteio Smith, Marcela Bianchessi da Cunha-Santino, Irineu Bianchini Jr

Resumo


Despite numerous efforts across the years, the wetlands are still among the most threatened ecosystems around the world, since 1700 CE, 87% of global wetland area might have been lost. The Convention on Biological Diversity and Ramsar Convention established agreements to deal with this issue. In this context, policies can assist the decision making to meet those international agreements during the development process. In this sense, Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of plans, programs, and policies contribute to verify actions implications and possible alternatives for promoting environmentally sustainable development. Here we developed a conceptual and general framework to insert the wetlands ecosystems effectively in the SEA developing process. The designed framework has five steps: (i) wetlands and developing process, (ii) priority wetlands and their assessment, (iii) evaluating impacts on wetlands and identifying sustainable alternatives, (iv) alternatives comparing and (v) strategic action monitoring and follow up. The conceptual structure has a great potential for wetlands protection and safeguards their ecosystem services, contributing in this way for the attendance of Conservation on Biological Diversity and Ramsar Convention strategic goals at the local level. Priority is the need that the administrative levels take as a premise the need for promoting wetlands conservation and provide resources for the application of proposed approaches related to Strategic Environmental Assessment. 


Palavras-chave


Aquatic ecosystem; environmental policy instrument; planning; sustainable development.

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