Aplicação de Resíduos da Indústria Sucroalcooleira em Solo como Forma de Mitigar Impactos Ambientais

Eduardo Henrique Lima de Lucena, Mário Monteiro Rolim, Emmanuel Damilano Dutra, Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes, José Nildo Tabosa, Anamaria de Sousa Duarte, Moacyr Cunha Filho, Ana Luiza Xavier Cunha, Victor Casimiro Piscoya, Raimundo Rodrigues Gomes Filho, Milton Marques Fernandes, Alceu Pedrotti, Francisco Sandro Rodrigues Holanda, Renisson Neponuceno de Araujo Filho

Resumo


A adoção de práticas que minimize os impactos ambientais e melhoria da fertilidade do solo para exploração agrícola tem sido realizada com maior frequência. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade do solo em áreas com diferentes doses de vinhaça e torta de filtro sobre os atributos químicos do solo. O experimento foi realizado na Estação Experimental do IPA, Vitória de Santo Antão - PE, constituído de dois tratamentos e cinco níveis de aplicação de doses de vinhaça 0;19,42; 77,68; 155,36 e 310,72 m3 ha-1) e cinco doses de torta de filtro (0; 2,75; 11,0; 22,0 e 44,0 t ha-1), em blocos casualizados com quatro repetições. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise de variância e de regressão, utilizando o software SAS, com níveis de significância de 5% para o teste F. Com relação aos atributos químicos do solo tratados com torta de filtro foram verificados efeitos lineares significativos (p<0,05) para os teores de fósforo, cálcio e capacidade de troca de cátions (CTC) no solo. Relacionado a vinhaça foi verificado efeito quadrático significativo (p<0,05) proporcionando redução no teor de fósforo no solo, posteriormente, ocorrendo incremento de 8,88% com a dose máxima aplicada. Os resíduos aplicados torta de filtro e vinhaça promoveram melhoria nas propriedades químicas do solo potencializando seu uso na agricultura.


Palavras-chave


torta de filtro, vinhaça, atributos do solo, condicionadores, fertilidade

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26848/rbgf.v14.3.p%25p

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Revista Brasileira de Geografia Física - ISSN: 1984-2295

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