Professional exhaustion and common mental disorders in oncological nurses

Patrícia Peres de Oliveira, Juliana Gimenez Amaral, Lívia Silveira Silva, Deborah Franscielle da Fonseca, Edilene Aparecida Araújo da Silveira, Rosilene Aparecida Amaral, Lucimar Aparecida dos Santos

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective: to investigate the existence of Professional Exhaustion Syndrome and Common Mental Disorders in oncologist nurses. Method: a quantitative, correlational study with oncologist nurses. Data collection used a semi-structured script and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Results: 29 female oncologists participated, the majority being female, with a mean age of 32.6 years, and the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders was 27.6%. There were the three dimensions suggestive of Burnout in 6.9% of the nurses; another 6.9% in two dimensions, and 41.4% in at least one dimension. The variables stress and self-esteem showed a significant correlation. Among these dimensions, there was a statistically significant correlation between one of them and Common Mental Disorders. Conclusion: nurses oncologists presented high level in some of the dimensions of Burnout. The contribution of this study was to point out that these professionals need measures of prevention and resolution of the Professional Exhaustion Syndrome to assist in coping with daily problems.  Descriptors: Occupational Burnout; Mental Disorders; Nursing; Occupational Health; Oncology Nursing; Medical Oncology.

RESUMO

Objetivo: investigar a existência de Síndrome do Esgotamento Profissional e Transtornos Mentais Comuns em enfermeiros oncologistas. Método: estudo quantitativo, correlacional, com enfermeiros oncologistas. A coleta de dados utilizou um roteiro semiestruturado e o inventário de Burnout de Maslach e Jackson (Maslach Burnout Inventory-MBI). Resultados: participaram 29 enfermeiros oncologistas, sendo a maioria do sexo feminino, com média de idade 32,6 anos, e a prevalência de Transtornos Mentais Comuns foi de 27,6%. Houve a presença das três dimensões sugestivas de Burnout em 6,9% dos enfermeiros; outros 6,9% em duas dimensões, e 41,4% em, pelo menos, uma dimensão. As variáveis estresse e autoestima apresentaram correlação significativa. Dentre essas dimensões, houve a correlação estatisticamente significativa de uma delas e Transtornos Mentais Comuns. Conclusão: os enfermeiros oncologistas apresentaram alto nível em algumas das dimensões do Burnout. A contribuição deste estudo foi apontar que estes profissionais precisam de medidas de prevenção e resolução da Síndrome do Esgotamento Profissional para auxiliar no enfrentamento dos problemas cotidianos. Descritores: Esgotamento profissional; Transtornos Mentais; Enfermagem; Saúde do trabalhador; Enfermagem oncológica; Oncologia.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: investigar la existencia de Síndrome del Agotamiento Profesional y Trastornos Mentales Comunes en enfermeros oncólogos. Método: estudio cuantitativo, correlacional, con enfermeros oncólogos. La recolección de datos utilizó un itinerario semiestructurado y el inventario de Burnout de Maslach y Jackson (Maslach Burnout Inventory-MBI). Resultados: participaron 29 enfermeros oncólogos, siendo la mayoría del sexo femenino, con promedio de edad 32,6 años, y la prevalencia de Trastornos Mentales Comunes fue del 27,6%. Hubo la presencia de las tres dimensiones sugestivas de Burnout en el 6,9% de los enfermeros; otro 6,9% en dos dimensiones, y un 41,4% en al menos una dimensión. Las variables de estrés y autoestima presentaron una correlación significativa. De entre esas dimensiones, hubo la correlación estadísticamente significativa de una de ellas y trastornos mentales comunes. Conclusión: los enfermeros oncólogos presentaron alto nivel en algunas de las dimensiones del Burnout. La contribución de este estudio fue señalar que estos profesionales necesitan medidas de prevención y resolución del Síndrome del Agotamiento Profesional para auxiliar en el enfrentamiento de los problemas cotidianos. Descriptores: Agotamiento Profesional; Trastornos Mentales; Enfermería; Salud Laboral; Enfermería Oncológica; Oncología Médica.


Keywords


Esgotamento profissional; Transtornos Mentais; Enfermagem; Saúde do trabalhador; Enfermagem oncológica; Oncologia.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963-v12i9a234712p2442-2450-2018



 

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