Educational interventions in the promotion of healthy eating in schools

Celia Maria Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, Eliane Maria Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, Maria Gorete Lucena de Vasconcelos, Suelen Brito de Azevedo, Francisca Márcia Pereira Linhares, Luciana Pedrosa Leal, Ednaldo Cavalcante de Araújo, Ana Lúcia Ribeiro de Vasconcelos

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify the types of educational interventions in promoting healthy eating in schoolchildren. Method: integrative review between January 2010 and May 2018, in which articles were selected in Portuguese, English and Spanish in the databases PUBMED / MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF, SCOPUS, CUIDEN, COCHRANE, WEB of SCIENCE, IBECS and in the SciELO virtual library. Data was categorized in relation to the types of technologies and the topics addressed. Results: the sample was constituted by 17 articles, five of which dealt with healthy eating practices; four, prevention of overweight and obesity and eight, food and nutritional security. All have used lightweight and light-hard technologies and six, hard technology. Several educational interventions were used. Conclusion: in order to carry out educational interventions, various resources are used, from the simplest to the most sophisticated, and their effectiveness will be based on the involvement of the school community and the effective participation of parents or guardians. The school environment can be considered as the important place for promoting health through the acquisition of good eating habits. Descriptors: Health Education; Food and Nutrition Education; School Health Services; Food Habits; Teaching Materials; Child.

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar os tipos de intervenções educativas na promoção da alimentação saudável em escolares. Método: revisão integrativa, entre janeiro de 2010 a maio de 2018, em que se selecionaram artigos em português, inglês e espanhol nas bases de dados PUBMED/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF, SCOPUS, CUIDEN, COCHRANE, WEB of SCIENCE, IBECS e na biblioteca virtual SciELO. Categorizaram-se os dados em relação aos tipos de tecnologias e às temáticas abordadas. Resultados: constituiu-se a amostra por 17 artigos, sendo que cinco abordavam práticas alimentares saudáveis; quatro, prevenção do excesso de peso e obesidade e oito, segurança alimentar e nutricional. Todos utilizaram as tecnologias leve e leve-dura e seis, a tecnologia dura. Diversas intervenções educativas foram utilizadas. Conclusão: para a realização de intervenções educativas, utilizam-se diversos recursos, dos mais simples aos mais sofisticados, e sua efetividade dar-se-á a partir do envolvimento da comunidade escolar e pela participação efetiva dos pais ou responsáveis. Pode-se considerar o ambiente escolar o local importante para a promoção da saúde a partir da aquisição de bons hábitos alimentares. Descritores: Educação em Saúde; Educação Alimentar e Nutricional; Serviços de Saúde Escolar; Hábitos Alimentares; Materiais de Ensino; Criança.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: identificar los tipos de intervenciones educativas en la promoción de la alimentación sana en los escolares. Método: revisión integradora, desde enero 2010 hasta mayo 2018, en que se seleccionaron artículos en portugués, Inglés y Español, en las bases de datos PubMed / MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF, SCOPUS, CUIDEN, Cochrane, Web of Science, y IBECS en la biblioteca virtual SciELO. Se categorizaron los datos en relación a los tipos de tecnologías y las temáticas abordadas. Resultados: se constituyó la muestra por 17 artículos, siendo que cinco abordaban prácticas alimentarias saludables, cuatro, prevención del exceso de peso y obesidad y, ocho, seguridad alimentaria y nutricional. Todos utilizaron las tecnologías leviana y leviana-dura. Se utilizaron diversas intervenciones educativas. Conclusión: para la realización de intervenciones educativas, se utilizan diversos recursos, de lo más simple a los más sofisticados, y su efectividad se dará a partir del involucramiento de la comunidad escolar y por la participación efectiva de los padres o responsables. Se puede considerar el ambiente escolar el lugar importante para la promoción de la salud a partir de la adquisición de buenos hábitos alimentarios. Descriptores: Educación em Salud; Serviços de Saúde Escolar; Educación Alimentaria y Nutricional; Hábitos Alimenticios; Materiales de Enseñanza; Niño.


Keywords


Educação em Saúde; Educação Alimentar e Nutricional; Serviços de Saúde Escolar; Hábitos Alimentares; Materiais de Ensino; Criança.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963-v12i10a237682p2803-2815-2018



 

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