Suicide and care for suicide attempt victims

Fábio da Costa Carbogim, Nathalia Lanzoni Pereira, Franciane Silva Luiz, Patrícia Rodrigues Brás, Amanda Conrado Silva Barbosa, Graziela Lonardoni de Paula, Tatiane Ribeiro da Silva, Marcelo da Silva Alves

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective: to investigate the nursing students' perception of suicide and the care of victims of attempted suicide. Method: this is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study carried out in a School of Public Nursing. Nineteen Nursing academics were interviewed, from a semi-structured questionnaire, and the speeches were submitted to the Content Analysis technique. Results: suicide was perceived by the academics as a complex, multifactorial process, permeated by psychic suffering and the decision to put an end to one's life. There was little preparation for the offer of care to victims of suicide attempt, indicating the need for an educational approach to the subject during graduation. Conclusion: it is believed that the curricular insertion of the subject, from educational interventions or explicit approaches, may contribute to the development of specific skills and abilities in the care of victims of suicide attempt. Descriptors: Nursing; Nursing Students; Mental Health; Suicide; Nursing Education; Nursing Care.

RESUMO

Objetivo: investigar a percepção dos acadêmicos de Enfermagem sobre o suicídio e o cuidado a vítimas de tentativa de suicídio. Método: trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, exploratório e descritivo, realizada em uma Faculdade de Enfermagem Pública. Entrevistaram-se 19 acadêmicos de Enfermagem, a partir de questionário semiestruturado, tendo sido as falas submetidas à técnica de Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: percebeu-se, pelos acadêmicos, o suicídio como um processo complexo, multifatorial, permeado por sofrimento psíquico e decisão de pôr fim à própria vida. Verificou-se pouco preparo para a oferta de cuidado a vítimas de tentativa de suicídio, indicando a necessidade de abordagem educativa da temática durante a graduação. Conclusão: acredita-se que a inserção curricular da temática, a partir de intervenções educativas ou abordagens explícitas, poderá contribuir para o desenvolvimento de competências e habilidades específicas no cuidado a vítimas de tentativa de suicídio. Descritores: Enfermagem; Estudantes de Enfermagem; Saúde Mental; Suicídio; Educação em Enfermagem; Cuidados de Enfermagem.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: investigar la percepción de los académicos de enfermería sobre el suicidio y el cuidado a las víctimas de intento de suicidio. Método: se trata de un estudio cualitativo, exploratorio y descriptivo, realizado en una Facultad de Enfermería Pública. Se entrevistaron 19 académicos de Enfermería, a partir de cuestionario semiestructurado, habiendo sido las palabras sometidas a la técnica de Análisis de Contenido. Resultados: se percibió, por los académicos, el suicidio como un proceso complejo, multifactorial, permeado por sufrimiento psíquico y decisión de poner fin a la propia vida. Se verificó poco preparo para la oferta de cuidado a víctimas de intento de suicidio, indicando la necesidad de abordaje educativo de la temática durante la graduación. Conclusión: se cree que la inserción curricular de la temática, a partir de intervenciones educativas o enfoques explícitos, podrá contribuir al desarrollo de competencias y habilidades específicas en el cuidado a víctimas de intento de suicidio. Descriptores: Nursing; Students, Nursing; Mental Health; Suicide; Educación en Enfermería; Atención en Enfermería.


Keywords


Enfermagem; Estudantes de enfermagem; Saúde mental; Suicídio

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963-v13i4a238056p1090-1096-2019



 

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