Obesity in the rural area: relationship with maternal elements

Erika Barbosa Lagares, Karolyne Araujo Resende, Márcia Christina Caetano Romano

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the association and similarity between nutritional status and dietary intake of children and their mothers in rural areas. Method: this is a bibliographic descriptive study, type integrative, carried out using the PECO strategy, in the LILACS, MEDLINE and COCHRANE databases, with articles published between 2007 and 2016. Results: 16 articles were included. It was noticed that there is great variability of the instruments and references used for the evaluation of nutritional status and eating habits in the evaluated manuscripts. The comparison between the maternal BMI and the BMI of the child was carried out in ten studies, and all found a positive relation. In eight studies, food consumption between mother and child was evaluated and compared, and all found significant relationships. It is noteworthy that most of the articles are international, with only two in Brazil. In addition, most of them were carried out in an urban area, with only one investigation covering urban and rural areas. Conclusion: it is revealed that the results of this review do not show that nutritional status and maternal eating habits can determine the overweight of rural children. Descriptors: Child; Obesity; Nutritional status; Food behavior; Mother-child relationships; Maternal nutrition;

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a associação e a similaridade entre o estado nutricional e a ingestão dietética de crianças e suas mães na zona rural. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, descritivo, tipo revisão integrativa, realizado por meio da estratégia PECO, nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e COCHRANE, com artigos publicados entre 2007 e 2016. Resultados: incluíram-se 16 artigos. Percebeu-se que há grande variabilidade dos instrumentos e referências utilizados para a avaliação do estado nutricional e dos hábitos alimentares nos manuscritos avaliados. Realizou-se, em dez estudos, a comparação entre o IMC materno e o IMC da criança, e todos encontraram relação positiva. Avaliou-se e comparou-se, em oito estudos, o consumo alimentar entre mãe e filho, e todos encontraram relações significativas. Destaca-se que a maioria dos artigos é internacional, sendo apenas dois realizados no Brasil.  Realizou-se, além disso, a maior parte deles em zona urbana, sendo que apenas uma investigação abrangeu áreas urbana e rural. Conclusão: revela-se que os resultados desta revisão não permitem evidenciar que o estado nutricional e os hábitos alimentares maternos podem determinar o excesso de peso de crianças da zona rural. Descritores: Criança; Obesidade; Estado nutricional; Comportamento alimentar; Relações mãe-filho; Nutrição materna.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: evaluar la asociación y la similitud entre el estado nutricional y la ingestión dietética de niños y sus madres en la zona rural. Método: se trata de un estudio bibliográfico, descriptivo, tipo revisión integrativa, realizado por medio de la estrategia PECO, en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE y COCHRANE, con artículos publicados entre 2007 y 2016. Resultados: se incluyeron 16 artículos. Se percibió que hay gran variabilidad de los instrumentos y referencias utilizados para la evaluación del estado nutricional y de los hábitos alimenticios en los manuscritos evaluados. Se realizó, en diez estudios, la comparación entre el IMC materno y el IMC del niño, y todos encontraron relación positiva. Se evaluó y se comparó, en ocho estudios, el consumo alimentario entre madre e hijo, y todos encontraron relaciones significativas. Se destaca que la mayoría de los artículos son internacionales, siendo apenas dos realizados en Brasil. Se realizó, además, la mayor parte de ellos en zona urbana, siendo que sólo una investigación abarcó áreas urbanas y rurales. Conclusión: se revela que los resultados de esta revisión no permiten evidenciar que el estado nutricional y los hábitos alimenticios maternos pueden determinar el exceso de peso de los niños de la zona rural. Descriptores: Niño; Obesidad; Estado nutricional; Conducta Alimentaria; Relaciones Madre-Hijo; Nutrición Materna.


Keywords


Criança; Obesidade; Estado nutricional; Comportamento alimentar; Relações mãe-filho; Nutrição materna

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963-v13i3a238117p796-810-2019



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