Nursing interventions for pressure ulcer patients

Danielle Martins Oliveira, Marta Miriam Lopes Costa, William Malagutti

Abstract


Objective: to analyze the scientific production about ICNP® nursing interventions for patients with pressure injury. Method: this is a bibliographic study, integrative review type in articles published from 2014 to 2018, conducted in the bases of the Virtual Health Library and CAPES journal portal. Data were analyzed descriptively by the results presented in figures. Results: 31 articles were selected, which showed various nursing interventions, such as periodic supervision of the skin, change of position, use of covers and scales, self-care teaching, continuing education of the team and development of protocols. Conclusion: it is expected the development of new studies involving the theme, considering the complexity of caring for injuries, highlighting the need for further research with interventions aimed at systematizing care, minimizing suffering and achieving wound healing. Descriptors: Nursing; Pressure Injury; Nursing Process; Wounds and Injuries; Nursing Care; Standardized Nursing Terminology.

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a produção científica acerca das intervenções de enfermagem da CIPE® para pacientes com lesão por pressão. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa em artigos publicados entre 2014 a 2018, realizado nas bases da Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde e portal de periódicos CAPES. Analisaram-se os dados de forma descritiva pelos resultados apresentados em figuras. Resultados: selecionaram-se 31 artigos, que evidenciaram diversas intervenções de enfermagem, como a supervisão periódica da pele, mudança de decúbito, uso de coberturas e escalas, ensino do autocuidado, educação continuada da equipe e desenvolvimento de protocolos. Conclusão: espera-se o desenvolvimento de novos estudos envolvendo a temática, considerando a complexidade do cuidar de lesões, evidenciando a necessidade de mais pesquisas com intervenções direcionadas a sistematizar o cuidado, minimizar o sofrimento e alcançar a cicatrização da lesão. Descritores: Enfermagem; Lesão por Pressão; Processo de Enfermagem; Ferimentos e Lesões; Cuidados de Enfermagem; Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analizar la producción científica sobre las intervenciones de enfermería ICNP® para pacientes con lesión por presión. Método: este es un estudio bibliográfico, tipo revisión integradora en artículos publicados de 2014 a 2018, realizado en las bases de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud y el portal de la revista CAPES. Los datos fueron analizados descriptivamente por los resultados presentados en las figuras. Resultados: se seleccionaron 31 artículos que mostraban diversas intervenciones de enfermería, tales como supervisión periódica de la piel, cambio de posición, uso de cubiertas y escalas, enseñanza de autocuidado, educación contínua del equipo y desarrollo de protocolos. Conclusión: se espera el desarrollo de nuevos estudios que involucren el tema, considerando la complejidad del cuidado de las lesiones, destacando la necesidad de una mayor investigación con intervenciones destinadas a sistematizar la atención, minimizar el sufrimiento y lograr la curación de la herida. Descriptores: Enfermería; Lesión por Presión; Proceso de Enfermería; Heridas y Lesiones; Atención de Enfermería; Terminología Normalizada de Enfermería.


Keywords


Nursing; Pressure Injury; Nursing Process; Wounds and Injuries; Nursing Care; Standardized Nursing Terminology.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.240237



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