Perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes com sepse de foco abdominal

Natasha Varjão Volpáti, Patricia Rezende do Prado, Luís Eduardo Maggi

Resumo


Objetivo: identificar o perfil epidemiológico, os fatores associados ao óbito e nortear as intervenções de enfermagem frente aos pacientes com sepse de foco abdominal. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal, realizado com 40 pacientes internados em uma em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Realizou-se a associação com o óbito por meio dos testes de qui-quadrado de Pearson e exato de Fisher. Apresentaram-se os resultados em forma de tabelas. Resultados: registra-se que, dos 40 (100%) pacientes, 57,5% eram do sexo masculino, 67,5% tinham um diagnóstico inicial pertencente ao sistema gastrointestinal. Elencam-se as variáveis que apresentaram a associação com o óbito nesta UTI: idade maior a 60 anos, que, embora representasse apenas 22,5% da amostra, respondeu por, aproximadamente, 90% das mortes (p-valor 0,005) e pacientes que foram classificados com choque séptico, já que 56,7% dos 75% foram a óbito (p-valor 0,04). Conclusão: entende-se que os fatores de risco associados ao óbito nos pacientes com sepse de foco abdominal na UTI estão relacionados com idade maior a 60 anos e com choque séptico. Descritores: Sepse; Fatores de Risco; Mortalidade; Unidade de Terapia Intensiva; Enfermagem; Perfil Epidemiológico.

Abstract

Objective: to identify the epidemiological profile, the factors associated with death, and to guide nursing interventions in patients with sepsis of abdominal focus. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study of 40 patients hospitalized in one in an Intensive Care Unit. The association with death was performed using Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results were presented in the form of tables. Results: it was recorded that of the 40 (100%) patients, 57.5% were male, 67.5% had an initial diagnosis belonging to the gastrointestinal system. The variables that showed association with death in this ICU were: age greater than 60 years, which, although representing only 22.5% of the sample, accounted for approximately 90% of the deaths (p-value 0.005) and patients which were classified as septic shock, since 56.7% of the 75% died (p-value 0.04). Conclusion: it is understood that the risk factors associated with death in patients with sepsis of abdominal focus in the ICU are related to age greater than 60 years and with septic shock. Descriptors: Sepsis; Risk Factors; Mortality; Intensive Care Unit; Nursing; Profile Epidemiological.

Resumen

Objetivo: identificar el perfil epidemiológico, los factores asociados al óbito y orientar las intervenciones de enfermería frente a los pacientes con sepsis de foco abdominal. Método: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal, realizado con 40 pacientes internados en una Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Se realizó la asociación con el óbito por medio de las pruebas de chi-cuadrado de Pearson y exacto de Fisher. Se presentaron los resultados en forma de tablas. Resultados: se registra que, de los 40 (100%) pacientes, el 57,5% eran del sexo masculino, el 67,5% tenían un diagnóstico inicial perteneciente al sistema gastrointestinal. Se identifican las variables que presentaron la asociación con el óbito en esta UTI: edad mayor a 60 años, que, aunque representaba apenas el 22,5% de la muestra, respondió por aproximadamente el 90% de las muertes (p-valor 0,005) y pacientes que fueron clasificados con shock séptico, ya que el 56,7% del 75% fue la muerte (p-valor 0,04). Conclusión: se entiende que los factores de riesgo asociados al óbito en los pacientes con sepsis de foco abdominal en la UTI están relacionados con edad mayor a 60 años y con shock séptico. Descriptors: Sepsis; Factores de riesgo; Mortalidad; Intensive Care Unit; Enfermería; Perfil Epidemiológico.


Palavras-chave


Sepse; Fatores de Risco; Mortalidade; Unidade de Terapia Intensiva; Enfermagem; Perfil Epidemiológico.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.240403



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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

 

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