Comportamentos suicidas em pessoas com transtornos relacionados a substâncias

Aline Cristina Zerwes Ferreira, Fernanda Carolina Capistrano, Gustavo Jorge Maftum, Luciana Puchalski Kalinke, Mariluci Alves Maftum

Resumo


Objetivo: identificar os aspectos associados aos comportamentos suicidas em pessoas com transtornos relacionados a substâncias. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, descritivo, tipo revisão integrativa, de publicações entre 2006 e 2016, nas Bases de dados LILACS, CINAHL e MEDLINE. Analisaram-se os dados de forma descritiva a partir de figuras. Resultados: identificaram-se 78 aspectos associados aos comportamentos suicidas, dentre 54 artigos da amostra, os quais foram classificados em aspectos sociodemográficos e econômicos; clínicos e biológicos; relacionados à cognição, comportamento, emoção e pensamento; aos eventos de vida estressante; a manifestação de sintomas e transtornos mentais; ao uso de substâncias; e aos próprios comportamentos suicidas. Conclusão: enfatiza-se a complexidade dos comportamentos suicidas em pessoas com transtornos relacionados a substâncias frente a heterogeneidade dos aspectos identificados. Descritores: Saúde Mental; Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias; Ideação Suicida; Tentativa de Suicídio; Suicídio; Fatores de Risco.

Abstract

Objective: to identify the aspects associated with suicidal behaviors in people with substance-related disorders. Method: this is a bibliographic, descriptive study, of the integrative-review type, of publications between 2006 and 2016, LILACS, CINAHL and MEDLINE. The data were analyzed descriptively from figures. Results: the search identified 78 aspects associated with suicidal behavior among 54 articles in the sample, which were classified into sociodemographic and economic; clinical and biological aspects; related to cognition, behavior, emotion and thought; to stressful life events; the manifestation of symptoms and disorders; the use of substances; and to their own suicidal behaviors. Conclusion: one emphasizes the complexity of suicidal behaviors in people with substance-related disorders regarding the heterogeneity of the identified aspects. Descriptors: Mental Health; Substance-Related Disorders; Suicidal Ideation; Suicide, Attempted; Suicide; Risk Factors.

Resumen

Objetivo: identificar los aspectos asociados con las conductas suicidas en personas con trastornos relacionados con sustancias. Método: este es un estudio bibliográfico, descriptivo, del tipo revisión integradora de publicaciones entre 2006 y 2016, LILACS, MEDLINE y CINAHL. Los datos fueron analizados descriptivamente a partir de cifras. Resultados: se identificaron 78 aspectos relacionados con la conducta suicida entre 54 artículos en la muestra, que se clasificaron en aspectos económicos y sociodemográficos, clínicos y biológicos; relacionados con el comportamiento, la cognición, la emoción y el pensamiento; a eventos estresantes de la vida; la manifestación de síntomas y trastornos; el uso de sustancias; y sus propios comportamientos suicidas. Conclusión: pone de relieve la complejidad de las conductas suicidas en personas con trastornos relacionados con sustancias con relación a la heterogeneidad de los aspectos identificados. Descriptores: Salud Mental; Transtornos Relacionados com Substancias; Ideación Suicida; Intento de Suicidio; Suicidio; Factores de Riesgo.


Palavras-chave


Saúde Mental; Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias; Ideação Suicida; Tentativa de Suicídio; Suicídio; Fatores de Risco.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.241446



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