Cuidados a pacientes em uso de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea

Daniel Santos, Luana Cardoso, Thalisson Cássia, Michelle Prata, Eduesley Santos

Resumo


Objetivo: analisar as evidências acerca da assistência de Enfermagem a pacientes em uso de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa, com busca de artigos publicados em periódicos científicos de 2008 a 2018 e indexados nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e Scopus e no Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde (BIREME), analisados pela técnica de Análise de Conteúdo e apresentados em formas de figuras. Resultados: selecionaram-se nove artigos com a análise que agrupou os resultados nas seguintes categorias: Deambulação/Mobilização; Gerenciamento dos circuitos; Cuidados gerais de Enfermagem; Monitorização hemodinâmica, posição prona; Monitorização do estado de sedação; Controle da anticoagulação e monitoração do sangramento. Conclusão: entende-se que a assistência de Enfermagem repercute diretamente na melhora do quadro clínico de pacientes que utilizam este tipo de suporte hemodinâmico, sendo primordial para a sua completa recuperação. Devem-se proporcionar capacitações específicas para que os enfermeiros possuam habilidades e competências suficientes para assistir o paciente de maneira segura e eficaz. Descritores: Cuidados Críticos; Enfermagem; Cardiologia; Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea; Monitorização Hemodinâmica; Cuidados de Enfermagem.

Abstract

Objective: to analyze the evidence about nursing care for patients using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Method: this is an integrative review bibliographic study, searching for articles published in scientific journals from 2008 to 2018 and indexed in the LILACS, MEDLINE and Scopus databases, and the Latin American and Caribbean Center for Science Information. Health (BIREME), analyzed by the Content Analysis technique and presented in figure forms. Results: nine articles were selected with the analysis that grouped the results into the following categories: Ambulation / Mobilization; Circuit management; General nursing care; Hemodynamic monitoring, prone position; Sedation status monitoring; Anticoagulation control and bleeding monitoring. Conclusion: it is understood that nursing care directly affects the improvement of the clinical condition of patients using this type of hemodynamic support, being essential for their complete recovery. Specific training should be provided so that nurses have sufficient skills and competencies to assist the patient safely and effectively. Descriptors: Critical Care; Nursing; Cardiology; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; Hemodynamic Monitoring; Nursing Care.

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar las evidencias sobre el cuidado de Enfermería para pacientes que usan oxigenación con membrana extracorpórea. Método: este es un estudio bibliográfico de revisión integradora, que busca artículos publicados en revistas científicas de 2008 a 2018 e indexados en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE y Scopus, y en el Centro Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Información en Ciencia de la Salud (BIREME), analizadas por la técnica de Análisis de Contenido y presentadas en forma de figuras. Resultados: se seleccionaron nueve artículos con el análisis que agruparon los resultados en las siguientes categorías: Ambulación / Movilización; Gestión de circuitos; Cuidados generales de Enfermería; Monitoreo hemodinámico, posición prono; Monitorización del estado de la sedación; Control de anticoagulación y monitoreo de hemorragias. Conclusión: se entiende que la atención de Enfermería impacta directamente en la mejora de la condición clínica de los pacientes que utilizan este tipo de soporte hemodinámico, siendo esencial para su recuperación completa. Se debe proporcionar capacitaciones específicas para que los enfermeros tengan suficientes habilidades y competencias para ayudar al paciente de manera segura y efectiva. Descriptores: Cuidados Críticos; Enfermería; Cardiología; Oxigenación por Membrana Extracorpórea; Monitorización Hemodinámica; Atención de Enfermería.


Palavras-chave


Cuidados Críticos; Enfermagem; Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.242035



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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

 

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