A aceitação da medicina alternativa complementar por gestantes com diabetes

Meline Rossetto Kron Rodrigues, Guilherme Augusto Rago Ferraz, Silvana Andréa Molina Lima, Wilza Carla Spiri, Carmen Maria Casquel Monti Juliani, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos Calderon, Ana Claudia Molina, Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge

Resumo


Objetivo: avaliar como as mulheres grávidas com diabetes compreendem e aceitam o uso de práticas integrativas e complementares na saúde, especialmente o Reiki, durante o atendimento pré-natal. Método: trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo, exploratório, de gestantes diabéticas atendidas num Centro de Investigação do Diabetes Perinatal em um centro terciário, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 12 gestantes. Audiogravaram-se e transcreveram-se as entrevistas para posterior análise cujos dados foram submetidos à técnica de Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: demonstrou-se, pela maioria das mulheres gestantes diagnosticadas com diabetes, o conhecimento de algumas práticas integrativas e complementares na saúde. Receber-se-iam, além disso, por um grande número de entrevistadas, tais terapias se essas fossem disponíveis no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), porém, a terapia Reiki mostrou ser desconhecida entre as pacientes. Conclusão: serve-se este estudo como ponto de partida para profissionais de saúde introduzirem as terapias integrativas e complementares na saúde pública brasileira. Tornam-se necessários estudos adicionais em outras populações para obter uma visão mais profunda e detalhada do perfil das pacientes em diferentes regiões. Descritores: Terapias Complementares; Pré-natal; Gravidez em Diabéticas; Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde; Toque Terapêutico; Análise Qualitativa.

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate how pregnant women with diabetes understand and accept the use of integrative and complementary health practices, especially Reiki, during prenatal care. Method: this is a qualitative, descriptive, exploratory study of diabetic pregnant women seen at a Perinatal Diabetes Research Center in a tertiary center, through semi-structured interviews with 12 pregnant women. The interviews were audio recorded and transcribed for later analysis whose data were submitted to the Content Analysis technique. Results: it was demonstrated, by most pregnant women diagnosed with diabetes, the knowledge of some integrative and complementary practices in health. In addition, a large number of respondents would receive such therapies if they were available in the Unified Health System (UHS), but Reiki therapy was unknown to patients. Conclusion: this study serves as a starting point for health professionals to introduce integrative and complementary therapies in Brazilian public health. Further studies in other populations are needed to gain a deeper and more detailed view of patients' profiles in different regions. Descriptors: Complementary Therapies; Prenatal Care; Pregnancy in Diabetics; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Therapeutic Touch; Qualitative Analysis.

Resumen

Objetivo: evaluar cómo las mujeres embarazadas con diabetes entienden y aceptan el uso de prácticas de salud integradoras y complementarias en salud, especialmente el Reiki, durante la atención prenatal. Método: este es un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio de mujeres embarazadas diabéticas atendidas en un Centro de Investigación de Diabetes Perinatal en un centro terciario, a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con 12 mujeres embarazadas. Las entrevistas se grabaron en audio y se transcribieron para un análisis posterior cuyos datos fueron sometidos a la técnica de Análisis de Contenido. Resultados: la mayoría de las mujeres embarazadas diagnosticadas con diabetes demostraron el conocimiento de algunas prácticas integradoras y complementarias en salud. Además, un gran número de encuestados recibiría tales terapias si estuvieran disponibles en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), pero la terapia de Reiki era desconocida para los pacientes. Conclusión: este estudio sirve como punto de partida para que los profesionales de la salud introduzcan terapias integradoras y complementarias en la salud pública brasileña. Se necesitan más estudios en otras poblaciones para obtener una visión más profunda y detallada de los perfiles de los pacientes en diferentes regiones. Descriptores: Terapias Complementares; Atención Prenatal; Embarazo em Diabéticas; Aceptación de la Atención de Salud; Tacto Terapéutico; Análisis Cualitativo.


Palavras-chave


Terapias Complementares; Pré-natal; Gravidez em Diabéticas; Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde; Toque Terapêutico; Análise Qualitativa.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.242061



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