Quality of life of nursing technical course students

Patrícia Silva Nunes, Tamíris Augusto Marinho, Fernanda Letícia Silva Campanati, Natielly Pryscilla Silva, Charlise Fortunato Pedroso, Mariana Magalhães Nóbrega, Rafael Alves Guimarães

Abstract


Objective: to investigate the quality of life of nursing technical students and the challenges associated with vocational training. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and analytical study with students from a federal educational institution. Data was collected using the WHOQOL-brief questionnaire and the form with complementary variables. In the bivariate analysis, the Student's t test and Pearson's correlation were used. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to verify factors associated with quality of life scores (p <0.05). Results: the study was composed by 165 students. In the social domain, the best average rating was evidenced and the worst one was the environment domain. Students were willing to drop out of the course with a lower average quality of life score in all domains, and those who reported difficulty in maintaining the course for financial reasons had lower scores in the physical (p = 0.024) and environmental domains. (p <0.001). Conclusion: the worst quality of life was assessed among students with weaknesses in social and financial support networks, which may impact school performance and the risk of dropout. Descriptors: Quality of Life; Students, Nursing; Health Evaluation; Education; Nursing, Students, Health Occupations.

Resumo

Objetivo: investigar a qualidade de vida de estudantes do curso técnico em enfermagem e os desafios associados à formação profissional. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, observacional, transversal e analítico, com discentes de uma instituição federal de ensino. Coletaram-se os dados utilizando o questionário WHOQOL-breve e o formulário com variáveis complementares. Empregaram-se, na análise bivariada, o teste t de student e a correlação de Pearson. Realizou-se a análise de regressão linear múltipla para verificar os fatores associados aos escores de qualidade de vida (p<0,05). Resultados: compôs-se o estudo por 165 discentes. Evidenciou-se, no domínio social, melhor avaliação média e a pior avaliação foi o domínio meio ambiente. Encontraram-se discentes com vontade de desistir do curso com escore médio de qualidade de vida menor em todos os domínios, sendo que aqueles que relataram dificuldade de se manter no curso por razões financeiras tiveram escores menores nos domínios físico (p=0,024) e ambiental (p<0,001). Conclusão: aferiu-se a pior qualidade de vida entre discentes com fragilidades nas redes de apoio social e financeira, o que pode impactar o rendimento escolar e o risco de evasão. Descritores: Qualidade de Vida; Estudantes de Enfermagem; Avaliação em Saúde; Educação; Enfermagem; Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde.

Resumen

Objetivo: investigar la calidad de vida de los estudiantes técnicos de enfermería y los desafíos asociados con la formación profesional. Método: este es un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, observacional, transversal y analítico con estudiantes de una institución educativa federal. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando el cuestionario breve WHOQOL y el formulario con variables complementarias. En el análisis bivariado, se utilizaron la prueba t de Student y la correlación de Pearson. Se realizó un análisis de regresión lineal múltiple para verificar los factores asociados con los puntajes de calidad de vida (p <0.05). Resultados: el estudio estuvo compuesto por 165 estudiantes. En el dominio social, se evidenció la mejor calificación promedio y la peor fue el dominio del medio ambiente. Los estudiantes estaban dispuestos a abandonar el curso con un puntaje promedio de calidad de vida más bajo en todos los dominios, y aquellos que informaron dificultades para mantener el curso por razones financieras tuvieron puntajes más bajos en el dominio físico (p = 0.024) y ambiental (p <0,001). Conclusión: se evaluó la peor calidad de vida entre los estudiantes con debilidades en las redes de apoyo social y financiero, lo que puede afectar el rendimiento escolar y el riesgo de abandono escolar. Descriptores: Calidad de Vida; Estudiantes de Enfermería; Evaluación en Salud; Educación; Enfermería; Estudiantes del Área de la Salud.



Keywords


Qualidade de Vida; Estudantes de enfermagem; Avaliação em saúde; EJA; Jovem Adultos

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.242601



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