Scientific evidence about outpatient nursing consultations in cardiology

Ana Carolina Lobo Santos, Maria Claudia Medeiros Dantas Rubim Costa, Valdelanda Paula Alves, Lidia Stella Teixeira Menezes, Jeruza Mara Oliveira Lima

Abstract


Objective: to analyze the scientific evidence about the outpatient nursing consultation in cardiology. Method: this is a bibliographic study, type integrative review, when consulting the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science, CINAHL, SCOPUS and in the virtual libraries VHL and SciELO. The Content Analysis technique was used to analyze the data production, in the Thematic Categories Analysis modality. Results: 12 articles were analyzed, from which three thematic categories emerged: 1 - Health care programs in cardiology managed by nurses; 2 - Importance of the nurse's role in improving self-care in the cardiology outpatient clinic and 3. Nursing diagnoses and interventions in the cardiology outpatient clinic. Conclusion: it was found that the Nursing Consultation provides positive results and provides quality care. The scarcity in the description of this process is pointed out, which may indicate flaws in its performance and the failure to prioritize these actions in the professional routine. Descriptors: Nurse; Nursing in Office; Outpatient Care; Nursing Consultation; Cardiology; Hospital Service of Cardiology.

Resumo

Objetivo: analisar as evidências científicas acerca da Consulta de Enfermagem ambulatorial em cardiologia. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa, ao consultar as bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science, CINAHL, SCOPUS e nas bibliotecas virtuais BVS e SciELO. Utilizou-se a técnica de Análise de Conteúdo para análise da produção dos dados, na modalidade Análise de Categorias Temáticas. Resultados: analisarem-se 12 artigos, dos quais emergiram três categorias temáticas: 1 - Programas de atenção à saúde em cardiologia gerenciados por enfermeiros; 2 - Importância da atuação do enfermeiro na melhoria do autocuidado no ambulatório de cardiologia e 3. Diagnósticos e intervenções de Enfermagem no ambulatório de cardiologia. Conclusão: constatou-se que a Consulta de Enfermagem proporciona resultados positivos e proporciona o cuidado de qualidade. Aponta-se a escassez na descrição desse processo, o que pode indicar falhas na sua realização e a não priorização dessas ações na rotina profissional. Descritores: Enfermeiro; Enfermagem no Consultório; Assistência Ambulatorial; Consulta de Enfermagem; cardiologia; Serviço Hospitalar de cardiologia.

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar la evidencia científica sobre la Consulta de Enfermería ambulatoria en cardiología. Método: se trata de un estudio bibliográfico, tipo revisión integradora, al consultar las bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS, Web of Science, CINAHL, SCOPUS y en las bibliotecas virtuales BVS y SciELO. La técnica de Análisis de Contenido se utilizó para analizar la producción de datos, en la modalidad de Análisis de Categorías Temáticas. Resultados: se analizaron 12 artículos, de los cuales surgieron tres categorías temáticas: 1 - Programas de atención de salud en cardiología administrados por enfermeros; 2 – Importancia del papel del enfermero en la mejora del autocuidado en la clínica ambulatoria de cardiología y 3. Diagnósticos e intervenciones de Enfermería en la clínica ambulatoria de cardiología. Conclusión: se encontró que la Consulta de Enfermería brinda resultados positivos y brinda atención de calidad. Se señala la escasez en la descripción de este proceso, lo que puede indicar fallas en su desempeño y la falta de priorización de estas acciones en la rutina profesional. Descriptores: Enfermera; Enfermería en Consultorio; Atención Ambulatoria; Consulta de Enfermería; Cardiología; Servicio Hospitalario de Cardiología.


Keywords


Nurse; Nursing in office; Outpatient Care; Nursing Consultation; Cardiology; Hospital Service of Cardiology.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2020.242720



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