Bullying com adolescentes escolares em diferentes contextos educacionais

Francisco Ubaldo Vieira Junior, Katia Maria Rosa Vieira, Andrezza Campos Moretti

Abstract


Objective: to categorize victimization by bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional study with adolescent students from two public schools and two private schools that answered a questionnaire, then the Multidimentional Peer Victimation Scale instrument was used, adapted to measure bullying. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare means and Pearson's correlation to relate the variables studied with the occurrences of victimization. Results: it is revealed that approximately 78% of school students reported at least one occurrence of bullying in the last six months and 17% suffered half of the total victimizations in the same period. Significant differences were shown by the mean of bullying between schools, and the comparison with data in the literature indicated concern in the moderate and severe degrees. Conclusion: it is concluded that the victimization classifications were consistent with the literature. Differences in the characteristics of the victims were observed in different educational contexts with the urgency of interdisciplinary actions against bullying. Descriptors: Bullying; Cyberbullying; Education; Adolescent Behavior; Students; Public Health.

Resumo

Objetivo: categorizar a vitimização por bullying e cyberbullying em adolescentes. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, transversal, com estudantes adolescentes de duas escolas públicas e duas particulares que respondeream um questionário, em seguida, empregou-se o instrumento Multidimentional Peer Victimation Scale adaptado para a mensuração do bullying. Utilizou-se o teste Kruskal-Wallis para a comparação entre médias e a correlação de Pearson para relacionar as variáveis estudadas com as ocorrências de vitimização. Resultados: revela-se que aproximadamente 78% dos estudantes das escolas relataram, pelo menos, uma ocorrência de bullying nos últimos seis meses e 17% sofreram metade das vitimizações totais no mesmo período. Mostraram-se, pela média do bullying entre as escolas, diferenças significantes, e a comparação com dados da literatura indicou preocupação nos graus moderado e severo. Conclusão: conclui-se que as classificações das vitimizações foram consistentes com a literatura. Observaram-se diferenças nas características das vítimas nos diferentes contextos educacionais com a premência de ações interdisciplinares contra o bullying. Descritores: Bullying; Cyberbullying; Educação; Comportamento do Adolescente; Estudantes; Saúde Pública.

Resumen

Objetivo: categorizar la victimización por bullying y cyberbullying en adolescentes. Método: este es un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio, transversal con estudiantes adolescentes de dos escuelas públicas y dos escuelas privadas que respondieron a un cuestionario, luego se usó el instrumento Multidimentional Peer Victimation Scale adaptado para medir el acoso escolar. La prueba de Kruskal-Wallis se utilizó para comparar medias y la correlación de Pearson para relacionar las variables estudiadas con los casos de victimización. Resultados: se revela que aproximadamente el 78% de los estudiantes escolares informaron al menos una ocurrencia de acoso escolar en los últimos seis meses y el 17% sufrió la mitad de las victimizaciones totales en el mismo período. Las diferencias significativas se mostraron por la media de la intimidación entre las escuelas, y la comparación con los datos en la literatura indicó preocupación en los grados moderados y severos. Conclusión: se concluye que las clasificaciones de victimización fueron consistentes con la literatura. Se observaron diferencias en las características de las víctimas en diferentes contextos educativos con la urgencia de acciones interdisciplinarias contra el acoso escolar. Descriptores: Acoso Escolar; Ciberacoso; Educacíon; Conducta del Adolescente; Estudiantes; Salud Pública.


Keywords


Bullying; Cyberbullying; Education; Adolescent Behavior; Students; Public Health

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.243622



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