Evidence-based practices: continuous bladder catheterization in clinical practice

Nicole Hertzog Rodrigues, Débora Monteiro daSilva, Luana Gabriela Alves da Silva

Abstract


Objective: to analyze aspects of the continuous bladder catheter insertion technique in clinical inpatient units of a hospital. Method: this is a qualitative, descriptive, exploratory study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, recorded, transcribed and submitted to the Content Analysis technique in the Categorical Analysis modality. Results: the categories were listed: << Professional practice in the face of continuous bladder catheterization >>; << Domain and search for technical and scientific knowledge >> and << Suggestions for improving patient care using continuous bladder catheterization >>. Conclusion: it is concluded that the procedure has been performed in a different and non-uniform way, with its standardization and the pressing need for more evidence and studies on the subject being relevant. It is observed that the continuous bladder catheterization procedure, like others, faces a dichotomy between practice, teaching and scientific evidence on the subject. Descriptors: Urinary Catheterization; Patient Safety; Patient Assistance; Nursing Care; Evidence Based Nursing; Protocols

Resumo

Objetivo: analisar aspectos da técnica de inserção do cateter vesical contínuo em unidades de internação clínica de um hospital. Método: trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo, exploratório. Procedeu-se à coleta de dados mediante entrevista semiestruturada, gravadas, transcritas e submetidas à técnica de Análise de Conteúdo na modalidade Análise Categorial. Resultados: elencaram-se as categorias: << Prática profissional frente ao cateterismo vesical contínuo >>; << Domínio e busca de conhecimento técnico-científico >> e << Sugestões para melhoria do cuidado ao paciente em uso de cateterismo vesical contínuo >>. Conclusão: conclui-se que o procedimento tem sido realizado de forma distinta e não uniforme, sendo relevantes a sua padronização e a necessidade premente de mais evidências e estudos sobre o tema. Observa-se que o procedimento de cateterismo vesical contínuo, assim como outros, enfrenta uma dicotomia entre a prática, o ensino e as evidências científicas sobre o assunto. Descritores: Cateterismo Urinário; Segurança do Paciente; Assistência ao Paciente; Cuidados de Enfermagem; Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências; Protocolos.

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar aspectos de la técnica de inserción continua de catéter vesical en unidades de internación clínica de un hospital. Método: este es un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas, registradas, transcritas y enviadas a la técnica de Análisis de Contenido en la modalidad de Análisis Categorial. Resultados: se enumeraron las categorías: << Práctica profesional frente a la cateterización vesical continua >>; << Dominio y búsqueda de conocimientos técnicos y científicos >> y << Sugerencias para mejorar la atención al paciente mediante cateterismo vesical continuo >>. Conclusión: se concluye que el procedimiento se realizó de manera distinta y no uniforme, con su estandarización y la urgente necesidad de más evidencia y estudios sobre el tema que sean relevantes. Se observa que el procedimiento de cateterización vesical continua, como otros, enfrenta una dicotomía entre la práctica, la enseñanza y la evidencia científica sobre el tema. Descriptores: Cateterismo Urinario; Seguridad del Paciente; Asistencia al Paciente; Cuidados de Enfermería; Enfermería Basada en la Evidencia; Protocolos.


Keywords


Urinary Catheterization; Patient Safety; Patient Assistance; Nursing Care; Evidence Based Nursing; Protocols.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2020.244759



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