QUALIDADE DE VIDA DE RENAIS CRÔNICOS SUBMETIDOS À HEMODIÁLISE

Jarinna Lalleska da Costa Souza Costa BARBOSA, Ryanne Carolynne Marques Gomes Marques Mendes, Marta Nunes Lira Nunes Lira, Mariana Boulitreau Siqueira Campos Siqueira Barros, Solange Queiroga Serrano Queiroga Serrano

Resumo


Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes renais crônicos submetidos à hemodiálise e caracterizar os aspectos demográficos. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal, realizado com 137 pacientes renais crônicos em tratamento hemodialítico. Coletaram-se os dados por meio de um questionário semiestruturado e do instrumento de avaliação de qualidade de vida para pacientes renais crônicos Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL SF-36). Analisaram-se os dados no software EpiInfo, versão 7.2, recorrendo-se à análise estatística descritiva para a caracterização dos sujeitos. Compararam-se o escore de qualidade de vida e a escolaridade dos pacientes por meio do teste Kruskall-Wallis. Resultados: mostrou-se a qualidade de vida comprometida nos domínios Situação Profissional, Função Física, Função Emocional, Sobrecarga da Doença Renal e Funcionamento Físico. Conclusão: observou-se que os pacientes renais crônicos em tratamento hemodialítico apresentaram a redução da qualidade de vida em alguns domínios. Torna-se relevante referenciar a necessidade de uma equipe multidisciplinar para se intervir nos fatores físicos e psicológicos desses pacientes para se melhorar a qualidade de vida deles.

Descritores: Enfermagem; Insuficiência Renal Crônica; Nefrologia; Nefropatia; Qualidade de Vida; Diálise Renal.

Descriptors: Nursing; Renal Insufficiency Chronic; Nephrology; Kidney Diseases; Quality of Life; Renal Dialysis.

Descriptores: Enfermería; Insuficiencia Renal Crónica; Nefroligía; Enfermedades Renales; Calidad de Vida; Diálisis Renal.


Palavras-chave


Enfermagem; Insuficiência Renal Crônica; Nefrologia; Doenças renais; Qualidade de vida; Hemodiálise.

Texto completo:

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Referências


 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2021.246184



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