INFLUENCE OF UNDERWATER HYDRODYNAMICS ON OIL AND GAS BLOWOUTS OFF AMAZON RIVER MOUTH

Humberto L. VARONA, Marcus A. SILVA, Dóris VELEDA, Fabiana S. LEITE, Márcio das Chagas MOURA, Moacyr ARAÚJO

Resumo


This study is focused on analyzing the behavior of oil/gas plumes from blowouts into deepwater, located at the northern Brazil continental shelf. The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) model is used to simulate ocean dynamics in the region 60.5°-24.0°W/5°S-16°N with 0.25° of resolution, 32 vertical levels and considering the discharges of the Amazon and Pará Rivers. The ROMS output are compared to Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) dataset. Three points were selected to make the numerical simulations, located at (50°W, 5.25°N), (44.5°W, 0.5°N) and (42.75°W, 1°S). The time step suggested by Lee and Cheung (1990) was adjusted due to the particular oceanographic conditions at each point, in which, the initial velocity tends to zero and the coefficient 0.1 of the original equation was replaced by 0.0250 and 0.0375. All the plumes behaved as type 3. The seasonal current speed was small from the bottom to the surface, usually not exceeding 0.25 ms-1; the maximum displacement of the plumes from its point of origin was not greater than 1 m. The mean plumes diameter on the surface ranged 54 - 79.7 m and the arrival time to the surface was from 7.25 to 8.05 hours.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5914/tropocean.v46i1.237249

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