ESTUDO DE CASO SOBRE INDICADORES BIOARQUEOLÓGICOS DE PRÁTICAS MORTUÁRIAS COMPLEXAS EM ESQUELETO HUMANO COLETADO NO ABRIGO PEDRA DO CACHORRO, BUÍQUE, PE

Ana Solari, Sergio Francisco Serafim Monteiro da Silva, Sabrina di Mello

Resumo


Este artigo apresenta os primeiros resultados sobre a observação macroscópica de indicadores bioarqueológicos das práticas mortuárias complexas, em um esqueleto humano que foi coletado assistematicamente no abrigo Pedra do Cachorro, Buíque - PE e encaminhado pelo Iphan-PE ao Departamento de Arqueologia da UFPE. Durante a análise laboratorial, foram identificadas marcas perimortem de manipulação intencional — cortes, fraturas e golpes — potencialmente vinculadas por exemplo a contextos funerários ou extra-funerários relacionados ao canibalismo, práticas de sepultamento secundário com descarnamento ativo ou redução do cadáver ou morte violenta. Essas práticas foram sugeridas como hipóteses preliminares, até que sejam realizadas escavações arqueológicas sistemáticas no local e recuperadas informações sobre o contexto arqueológico da deposição mortuária em estudo.

 


ABSTRACT

A human skeleton that was emerging in surface of Pedra do Cachorro, Buíque - PE rock shelter, was recovered in nonsystematic way and for intervention of Iphan-PE was sent to custody to the Department of Archaeology at UFPE. A bioarchaeological analysis showed the presence of several perimortem marks of intentional manipulation (cuts, fractures and blows) potentially linked to a series of complex mortuary practices (cannibalism, secondary burial practices with active defleshing, violent death), suggested as preliminary hypotheses to be tested, until doing systematic excavations at the site.

Keywords: Bioarchaeology; complex mortuary practices; Pedra do Cachorro; Pernambuco.



Palavras-chave


Bioarqueologia; práticas mortuárias complexas; Pedra do Cachorro; Pernambuco

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.20891/clio.v30i1p92-119

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