O que significa ser realista sobre as medições científicas: uma taxonomia para posicionamentos (antir)realistas

Félix Flores Pinheiro

Resumo


O presente artigo possui por objetivo oferecer uma taxonomia inicial para classificar posicionamentos realistas e antirrealistas acerca das medições científicas. Para tanto, exploramos principalmente duas questões, a primeira, o que significa ser realista sobre as medições científicas; a segunda, tendo em vista esse significado, como podemos classificar diferentes abordagens disponíveis na literatura da área. Observando algumas dificuldades em torno da obscuridade do termo “realismo”, efetuamos uma discussão sobre de que modo ele é entendido no contexto das discussões filosóficas sobre as medições científicas. Como resultado dessa discussão, obtemos critérios que permitem construir classificação subdivida em três grandes campos: realismos, antirrealismos e “áreas cinzentas”.


Palavras-chave


Filosofia da medição. Realismo. Objetividade Científica. Medições científicas.

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Referências


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