Regional Integration and the Expertise Dilemma: The Political Profile of The European Commissioners

Cinthia Regina Campos, Ernani Carvalho, Enivaldo Rocha

Resumo


This paper seeks further evidence of the College member profile to assess whether the European Commissioners remain experts in their respective portfolios.  Professional and political data for all former European Commissioners (N=287) was used. The paper concludes that there’s no significant evidence to affirm that European Commissioners have become less technocratic and more political actors.

Palavras-chave


European Comissisoners; Experts; Portifolios; Political Actors.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


CAMPOS, C. R. “Várias Respostas, uma Mesma Pergunta: a comissão europeia é um outlier?”. Revista Política Hoje, v.22, n.1, 2014. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 12 set. 2019.

CROMBEZ, C.; HIX, S. "Treaty Reform and the Commission's Appointment and Policy Making Role in the European Union", European Union Politics, v. 12, n.3: 291–314, 2011.

DÁVILA, M.; LAVADOS, A.; AVENDAÑO, O. "Los Gabinetes de La Concertacion en Chile (1990-2010)". America Latina Hoy, v. 64, p. 67–94, 2013.

DORING, H. “The Composition of the College of Commissioners: Patterns of Delegation”. European Union Politics, v.8, n.2, p.207–28, 2007.

DRUCKMAN, J.; WARWICK, P. "The missing piece: Measuring portfolio salience in Western European parliamentary democracies". European Journal of Political Research. v. 44, p. 17–42, 2005.

EPSTEIN, D.; O’HALLORAN, S. Delegating powers. A transaction cost politics approach to policy making under separate powers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

FRANCHINO, F. “Delegating Powers In The European Community”, British Journal Of Political Science, v. 34, n. 2, p. 449–76, 2004.

_____________ .“A Formal Model of Delegation in the European Union,” Journal of Theoretical Politics, v. 17, n. 2, p. 217–247, 2005.

______________. The Powers of the Union: Delegation in the EU. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

______________. "Experience and The Distribution of Portfolios Payoffs in the European Commission." European Journal of Political Research, v. 48, n. 1, p. 130, 2009.

HIX, S. "Executive selection in the European Union: does the commission president investiture procedure reduce the democratic deficit?" In: NEUNREITHER, K.; WIENER, A. European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy, p. 95–111. Oxford University Press, 2000.

HIX, S.; HOYLAND, B. The Political System of the European Union. Palgrave, 2011.

HOOGHE, L. & MARKS, G. “Unraveling the Central State, But How? Types of Multi-Level Governance", American Political Science Review, v. 97, n. 2, p. 233–43, 2003.

HOOGHE, L. The European Commission and The Integration of Europe. London, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

HOOGHE, L. “Images of Europe: How Commission Officials Conceive their Institution’s Role”, Journal of Commum Market Studies, v.50, n. 1, p. 87–111, 2012.

HUG, S. “Endogenous Preferences And Delegation In European Union”, Comparative Political Studies, v. 36, n.1-2, p. 41–74, 2003.

JOANA & SMITH. “Cultures nationales et institutions communautaires : les cabinets des commissaires européens.” Revue internationale de politique compare, v. 9, n. 3, p. 371–90, 2002.

LEWIS, D. "Testing Pendleton's Premise: Do Political Appointees Make Worse Bureaucrats?". Journal of Politics, v. 69, n. 4, p. 1073–1088, 2007.

LUPIA, A. & McCUBBINS, M. “Representation or Abdication: How Citizens Use Institutions to Help Delegation Succeed”. European Journal of Political Science, v. 37, p. 291–307, 2000.

LUPIA, A. “Delegation of Power: Agency Theory.” In: SMELSER & BALTES (eds.) International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Science. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science Limited v.5, p. 3375–3377, 2001.

MAGNETTE, P. “Appointing and Censuring the European Commission: the Adaptation of the Parliamentary Institutions to the Community Context.” European Law Journal, v. 7, n. 3, p. 292–310, 2001.

________________. Contrôler l’Europe: Pouvoirs et responsabilité dans l’Union Européenne. Ed. Université de Bruxelles, 2003.

MAJONE, G. “Europe’s Democratic Deficit: the question of standards.” European Law Journal, v. 4, n. 1, p. 5–28, 1998.

_______________. “Do Estado Positivo ao Estado Regulador: causas e conseqüências de mudanças no modo de governança”. Revista do Serviço Público, v. 50, n. 1, p. 5–34, 1999.

_____________.(2001). “Two Logics of Delegation: Agency and Fiduciary Relations in EU Governance”. European Union Politics, v. 2, n. 1, p. 103 – 122, 2001.

¬¬_____________.“The Politics of Regulation and European Regulatory Institutions”. In: HAYWARD, J., MENON, A. (eds.). Governing Europe, p. 297–312, Ed.Oxford, 2003.

MARKS, G. et al. “European Integration from 1980s: State-centric v. Multi-level Governance”. Journal of Common Market Studies, v. 34, n. 3, p. 341-378, 1996.

MORAVCSIK, A. "Negotiating the Single European Act: National Interests and Conventional Statecraft in the European Community". International Organization, v. 45, n. 1, p. 19–56, 1991.

________________."Preferences and power in the European Community: A liberal intergovernmentalist approach". Journal of Common Market Studies, v. 31, n. 4, p. 473–524, 1993.

_______________ ."Why international cooperation strengthens national executives: the case of the European Community". Charleston, South Carolina, 1995.

_________________ . "Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics". International Organization, v. 51, n. 4, p. 513–53, 1997.

________________ . The Choice for Europe: Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

________________. “In Defence of the Democratic Deficit: Reassessing Legitimacy in the European Union”, Journal of Common Market Studies, v. 40, n. 44, p. 603–24, 2002.

PETERSON, J. “The Choice for EU Theorists: Establishing a Common Framework for Analysis”. European Journal of Political Research, v. 39, p. 289-318, 2001.

________________. “The College of Commissioners.” In: Peterson, J., Shackleton, M. (orgs). The Institutions of Europe Union. New York: Oxford University., 2006.

PETERSON, J. “The Choice for EU Theorists: Establishing a Common Framework for Analysis”. European Journal of Political Research, v. 39, p. 289–318, 2001.

PRIFTI, E. “The Post-Lisbon Treaty Commissioners (2010–2014). Experts or Politicians?” In: MONAR; J. & CHANG, M. The European Commission in the Post-Lisbon Era of Crises, p. 25–52. Bruxelles: P.I.E. Peter Lang, 2013.

SCHARPF, F. et al. Governance in the Europe Union, Sage publications, 1996.

TALLBERG, J. “Delegation to Supranational Institutions: why, how and with what consequences?”. In: THATCHER, M. & STONE SWEET, A. (orgs). The Politics of Delegation, p. 69–89. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

THATCHER, M. “Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies: Pressures, Functions and Contextual Mediation”. In: THATCHER, M. & STONE SWEET, A. (orgs). The Politics of Delegation. London: Frank Cass, 2003.

TRONDAL, J. “The Anatomy of Autonomy: reassessing the autonomy of the European Commission”. European Journal of Political Research, v. 47, n. 4, p. 467–488, 2008.

TSEBELIS, G., GARRET. “Agenda Setting Power, Power Indices and Decision Making in the Europe Union”, International Review of Law and Economics, v.16, p. 345–361, 1996.

_____________________. “Legislative Politics in the European Union,” European Union Politics, v.1, n.1, p. 9–36, 2000.

WILLE, A. "The Politicization of the EU Commission: democratic control and the dynamics of executive selection ". International Review of Administrative Sciences, v. 78, p. 383–402, 2012.

WONKA, A. “Delegation and Abdication? The Appointment of European Commissioners and Its Policy Implications”, Working Papers – Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung, No. 84. Mannheim, 2004.

____________. "Technocratic and Independent? The Appointment of European Commissioners and Its Policy Implications". Journal of European Public Policy, v. 14, n. 2, p. 169–189, 2007.


Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2020 Cinthia Regina Campos

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

I S S N   0 1 0 4  –  7 0 9 4