Sociodemographic aspects, quality of life and health of the institutionalized elderly

Patricia Coelho Mendes de Britto Haddad, Zamir Calamita

Abstract


Objective: to analyze the characteristics of the institutionalized elderly by pointing out correlations. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, analytical, exploratory study with elderly people living in long-term care facilities for the elderly. The following questionnaires were used: sociodemographic; Mini Mental; Barthel index; self-reported assessment of frailty in the elderly; Family Apgar and Nothingham Health Profile. Results: it is revealed that the six institutions evaluated were philanthropic; 135 elderly people were studied; the average age was 76.4 years and the average institutionalization time was four years; According to the questionnaires, most had scores that suggest cognitive decline and frailty, were independent for basic activities of daily living, had marked family dysfunction and showed a noticeable loss of quality of life sensation; Most respondents moved to the institution without their own will. It was found that the preservation of cognition and the higher level of education correlate with lower satisfaction and perception of quality of life. Conclusion: this study presented some aspects of the institutionalized elderly and their perception of health. Descriptors: Elderly Health; Elderly; Socioeconomic Factors; Life Conditions; Health Conditions; Quality of Life.

Resumo

Objetivo: analisar as características do idoso institucionalizado apontando correlações. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, analítico, tipo exploratório, com idosos que vivem em instituições de longa permanência para idosos. Empregaram-se questionários: sociodemográfico; Mini Mental; índice de Barthel; avaliação autorreferida de fragilidade em idosos; Family Apgar e Perfil de Saúde de Nothingham. Resultados: revela-se que as seis instituições avaliadas eram de caráter filantrópico; foram estudados 135 idosos; a média de idade foi de 76,4 anos e o tempo médio de institucionalização, de quatro anos; de acordo com os questionários, a maioria apresentou pontuação que sugere declínio cognitivo e fragilidade, era independente para as atividades básicas de vida diária, possuía acentuada disfunção familiar e apresentou perceptível perda da sensação da qualidade de vida; a maior parte dos entrevistados mudou para a instituição sem vontade própria. Constatou-se que a preservação da cognição e o maior grau de instrução se correlacionam a uma menor satisfação e percepção de qualidade de vida. Conclusão: apresentaram-se, por este estudo, alguns aspectos próprios do idoso institucionalizado e sua percepção de saúde. Descritores: Saúde do Idoso; Idoso; Fatores Socioeconômicos; Condições de Vida; Condições de Saúde; Qualidade de Vida.

Resumen

Objetivo: analizar las características de los ancianos institucionalizados señalando correlaciones. Método: este es un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, analítico y exploratorio con personas mayores que viven en centros de atención a largo plazo para personas mayores. Se utilizaron cuestionarios: sociodemográficos; Mini Mental; Índice de Barthel; evaluación autoinformada de fragilidad en ancianos; Perfil de salud de la familia Apgar y Nothingham. Resultados: se revela que las seis instituciones evaluadas eran filantrópicas; se estudiaron 135 personas mayores; la edad promedio fue de 76.4 años y el tiempo promedio de institucionalización fue de cuatro años; según los cuestionarios, la mayoría tenía puntuaciones que sugerían deterioro cognitivo y fragilidad, eran independientes para las actividades básicas de la vida diaria, tenían una disfunción familiar marcada y mostraban una pérdida notable de la sensación de calidad de vida; la mayoría de los encuestados se mudaron a la institución sin su propia voluntad. Se comprobó que la preservación de la cognición y el mayor nivel de educación se correlacionan con una menor satisfacción y percepción de la calidad de vida. Conclusión: este estudio presenta algunos aspectos de los ancianos institucionalizados y su percepción de la salud. Descriptores: Salud de los Ancianos; Ancianos; Factores Socioeconómicos; Condiciones de Vida; Condiciones de Salud; Calidad de Vida.


Keywords


Elderly Health; Old Man; Socioeconomic Factors; Life Conditions; Health Conditions; Quality of Life.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2020.243416



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