TECNOLOGIAS EM SAÚDE NO MANEJO DA OBESIDADE

Bruna Araújo Gomes, Antônia Fabiana Rodrigues da Silva, Andressa Santos de Carvalho, Ana Roberta Vilarouca da Silva, Francisca Rouse Luz Gonçalves de Morais

Resumo


Objetivo: identificar a produção científica sobre as tecnologias em saúde utilizadas e seus efeitos no controle da obesidade. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, descritivo, tipo revisão integrativa, a partir das buscas nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS E BDENF, entre 2015 e 2020. Procedeu-se à análise descritiva dos resultados a partir dos dados, com leitura reflexiva e criteriosa. Resultados: incluíram-se 21 artigos que descreviam as tecnologias em saúde voltadas para o manejo da obesidade. Utilizaram-se intervenções alimentares e farmacológicas com o auxílio da tecnologia móvel e, dentre as principais, o uso de mensagens de texto, ligações e aplicativos móveis. Apresentou-se, quanto ao efeito do uso dessas tecnologias, maior adesão à prática da atividade física, à substituição de dietas calóricas e ao controle dos variados índices antropométricos, incluindo o peso de pacientes com sobrepeso e obesos. Conclusão: apresentou-se, pelo uso dessas tecnologias no manejo da obesidade, melhora no controle da doença, na relação social entre pacientes, além de disseminar conhecimento entre os usuários.


Palavras-chave


Obesidade; Manejo da Obesidade; Tecnologias em Saúde; Revisão; Educação em Saúde; Promoção da Saúde.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2021.246461



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