Epidemiological profile and characteristics of coinfections associated with seropositive people

Alexandre Lins Werneck, Thais de Oliveira, Maria Amélia Zanon Ponce, Sonia Aparecida da Cruz Oliveira

Abstract


Objective: to determine the prevalence, epidemiological profile and characteristics associated with hepatitis A, B, C, syphilis and TB virus coinfection among HIV-infected individuals. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 161 patients, and data analysis was performed based on information from the medical records of patients co-infected with hepatitis B, C, syphilis and TB viruses among those infected with HIV. Results were presented in tables. Results: most of them were men (81.37%), aged between 21 and 40 years (67.08%), co-infected (89.90%), single (73.91%), homosexual ( 49.69%), with three or more partners during life (94.64%), being patients who used drugs (86.35%) and those who currently use drugs (64.60%). Condom use was reported as “sometimes” by 81.37% of the sample. Conclusion: it was concluded that all individuals infected with HIV have an epidemiological profile associated with hepatitis A, B, C, syphilis and TB viruses. The prevalence ratio showed that co-infected individuals tend to have syphilis and hepatitis B. Descriptors: HIV Seropositivity; AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections; HIV Infections; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; Syphilis.

RESUMO

Objetivo: determinar a prevalência, o perfil epidemiológico e as características associadas à coinfecção pelos vírus das hepatites A, B, C, sífilis e TB entre indivíduos infectados pelo vírus HIV. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal. Compôs-se a amostra com 161 pacientes, e realizou-se a análise dos dados a partir das informações do prontuário de pacientes coinfectados pelos vírus das hepatites B, C, sífilis e TB entre infectados pelo vírus HIV. Apresentaram-se os resultados em forma de tabelas. Resultados: nota-se que a maioria eram homens (81,37%), na faixa etária de 21 a 40 anos (67,08%), coinfectados (89,90%), solteiros (73,91%), homossexuais (49,69%), com três ou mais parceiros durante a vida (94,64%), sendo pacientes que usaram drogas (86,35%) e os que usam drogas atualmente (64,60%). Relatou-se mais o uso de preservativos como “às vezes” por 81,37% da amostra. Conclusão: concluiu-se que todos os indivíduos infectados pelo vírus HIV apresentam perfil epidemiológico associado aos vírus das hepatites A, B, C, sífilis e TB. Mostrou-se, pela relação de prevalência, que indivíduos coinfectados tendem a possuir sífilis e hepatite B. Descritores: Soropositividade Para HIV; Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas Com o HIV; Coinfecção Por HIV; Hepatite B; Hepatite C; Sífilis.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia, el perfil epidemiológico y las características asociadas con la hepatitis A, B, C, la sífilis y la coinfección por el virus de la tuberculosis en personas infectadas por el VIH. Método: este es un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal. La muestra consistió en 161 pacientes, y el análisis de datos se realizó con base en la información de los registros médicos de pacientes coinfectados con virus de hepatitis B, C, sífilis y TB entre aquellos infectados con VIH. Los resultados se presentaron en tablas. Resultados: la mayoría de ellos eran hombres (81.37%), con edades comprendidas entre 21 y 40 años (67.08%), coinfectados (89.90%), solteros (73.91%), homosexuales (49.69%), con tres o más parejas durante la vida (94.64%), siendo pacientes que usaron drogas (86.35%) y aquellos que actualmente usan drogas (64.60%). El uso de condones se informó como "a veces" en el 81,37% de la muestra. Conclusión: se concluyó que todas las personas infectadas con VIH tienen un perfil epidemiológico asociado con los virus de la hepatitis A, B, C, sífilis y TB. La razón de prevalencia mostró que las personas coinfectadas tienden a tener sífilis y hepatitis B. Descriptores: Seropositividad Para HIV; Infecciones Oportunistas Relacionadas com el SIDA; Infecciones por VIH; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; Sífilis.


Keywords


HIV Seropositivity; AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections; HIV Infections; Hepatitis B; Hepatitis C; Syphilis.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.238788



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