Estado nutricional e comportamento alimentar em trabalhadores em turnos

Paula Nascente Rocha Mendes Corrêa, Graciele Cristina Silva, Ivânia Vera, Roselma Lucchese

Resumo


Objetivo: sistematizar o conhecimento acerca dos efeitos do trabalho em turnos no estado nutricional e comportamento alimentar em trabalhadores em turnos. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão Integrativa da literatura, com coleta em dupla nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Web of Science e Science Direct aplicando-se os descritores controlados em saúde: “Shift Work Schedule” and “Nutritional Status” and “Feeding Behavior”, para trabalhos publicados entre 2014 e 2019. Resultados: encontraram-se seis artigos e se verificou a associação entre trabalho em turnos, sobrepeso/obesidade e hábitos alimentares inadequados. Conclusão: concluiu-se que o excesso de peso e o comportamento alimentar inadequado são fatores de risco para agravos à saúde, e ações de educação nutricional e higiene do sono durante a escala de trabalho são recomendadas para melhorar a qualidade de vida desses trabalhadores. Descritores: Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos; Estado Nutricional; Comportamento Alimentar; Ritmo Circadiano; Privação do Sono; Dieta Saudável.

Abstract

Objective: to systematize the knowledge about the effects of shift work on nutritional status and eating behavior in shift workers. Method: this is a bibliographic study, integrative literature review, with double collection in MEDLINE, Web of Science and Science Direct databases applying the controlled descriptors in health: “Shift Work Schedule” and “Nutritional Status” And “Food Behavior”, for papers published between 2014 and 2019. Results: six articles were found and the association between shift work, overweight / obesity and inappropriate eating habits was found. Conclusion: it was concluded that overweight and inadequate eating behavior are risk factors for health problems, and nutrition education and sleep hygiene during the work schedule are recommended to improve the quality of life of these workers. Descriptors: Shift Work Schedule; Nutritional Status; Feeding Behavior; Circadian Rhythm; Sleep Deprivation; Healthy Diet.

Resumen

Objetivo: sistematizar el conocimiento sobre los efectos del trabajo por turnos sobre el estado nutricional y el comportamiento alimentario en los trabajadores por turnos. Método: este es un estudio bibliográfico, tipo de revisión de literatura integradora, con doble recolección en las bases de datos MEDLINE, Web of Science y Science Direct que aplican los descriptores controlados en salud: “Shift Work Schedule” y “Nutritional Status” y “Feeding Behavior”, para artículos publicados entre 2014 y 2019. Resultados: se encontraron seis artículos y se encontró la asociación entre el trabajo por turnos, el sobrepeso / obesidad y los hábitos alimenticios inapropiados. Conclusión: se concluyó que el sobrepeso y el comportamiento alimentario inadecuado son factores de riesgo para problemas de salud, y se recomienda la educación nutricional y las acciones de higiene del sueño durante la escala de trabajo para mejorar la calidad de vida de estos trabajadores. Descriptores: Jornada de Trabajo en Turnos; Estado Nutricional; Comportamiento Alimentario; Ritmo Circadiano; Privación de Sueño; Dieta Saludable.


Palavras-chave


Jornada de trabalho em turnos; Estado nutricional; Comportamento alimentar; Ritmo circadiano; Privação do sono; Dieta saudável.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.243014



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