Impacto da obesidade sarcopênica na capacidade funcional de idosos

Bárbara Carvalho de Hollanda, Vanessa Augusta Souza Braga, Renata Evangelista Tavares Machado

Resumo


Objetivo: identificar a produção científica sobre o impacto da obesidade sarcopênica na capacidade funcional de idosos. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, descritivo, tipo revisão integrativa, a partir da busca nas bases de dados CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, SCOPUS e Web of Science e Biblioteca Virtual SciELO, entre 2014 e 2018. Procedeu-se com a análise descritiva dos resultados a partir de semelhanças dos dados, explicitados em fugura sinóptica. Resultados: incluíram-se 14 artigos que apontaram influências do agravo na velocidade da marcha, dificuldades no equilíbrio e aumento do risco para ocorrência de quedas. Mostrou-se que esses impactos eram limitadores das atividades cotidianas, aumentando a dependência e fragilidade dos idosos, com piora na qualidade de vida e ocorrência de sintomas depressivos. Conclusão: ressalta-se que os impactos negativos gerados pela obesidade sarcopênica na funcionalidade dos idosos apontam a necessidade do monitoramento da composição corporal e força muscular da população idosa, além de ações preventivas deste agravo à saúde. Descritores: Idoso; Obesidade; Sarcopenia; Fragilidade; Saúde Pública; Revisão.

Abstract

Objective: to identify scientific production on the impact of sarcopenic obesity on the functional capacity of the elderly. Method: this is a bibliographic, descriptive, integrative review type study, based on the search in the CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, SCOPUS and Web of Science and SciELO Virtual Library databases, between 2014 and 2018. We proceeded with the descriptive analysis of the results based on similarities of the data, explained in synoptic fugue. Results: 14 articles were included that pointed out influences of the aggravation in gait speed, difficulties in balance and increased risk of falls. These impacts were shown to limit daily activities, increasing the dependence and frailty of the elderly, with worsening quality of life and occurrence of depressive symptoms. Conclusion: it is emphasized that the negative impacts generated by sarcopenic obesity on the functionality of the elderly point to the need to monitor the body composition and muscle strength of the elderly population, in addition to preventive actions for this health problem. Descriptors: Aged; Obesity; Sarcopenia; Frailty; Public Health; Review.

Resumen

Objetivo: identificar la producción científica sobre el impacto de la obesidad sarcopénica en la capacidad funcional de los ancianos. Método: este es un estudio de tipo de revisión bibliográfica, descriptiva e integradora, basada en la búsqueda en las bases de datos CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, SCOPUS y Web of Science y Biblioteca Virtual SciELO, entre 2014 y 2018. Se procedió al análisis descriptivo de los resultados basados en similitudes de los datos, explicado en figura sinóptica. Resultados: se incluyeron 14 artículos que señalaron las influencias del agravamiento de la velocidad de la marcha, las dificultades en el equilibrio y el aumento del riesgo de caídas. Se demostró que estos impactos limitan las actividades diarias, aumentando la dependencia y la fragilidad de los ancianos, con el empeoramiento de la calidad de vida y la aparición de síntomas depresivos. Conclusión: se enfatiza que los impactos negativos generados por la obesidad sarcopénica en la funcionalidad de los ancianos apuntan a la necesidad de monitorear la composición corporal y la fuerza muscular de la población de ancianos, además de las acciones preventivas para este problema de salud. Descriptores: Anciano; Obesidad; Sarcopenia; Fragilidad; Salud Pública; Revisión.


Palavras-chave


Idoso; Obesidade; Sarcopenia; Fragilidade; Saúde Pública; Revisão

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2020.244093



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