ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS IN THE IRRIGATED SCHEME FROM PETROLÂNDIA MUNICIPALITY: SUBSIDY TO UNDERSTAND THE LAND MANAGEMENT AT THE MIDDLE-LOW SÃO FRANCISCO BASIN

Guilherme José Ferreira Araújo, Edvânia Tôrres Aguiar Gomes

Resumo


The Itaparica region located between Pernambuco and Bahia had got part of his territory flooded due to the construction of the reservoir of the Luiz Gonzaga Hydroeletric, built in 1988. About 10,500 families were transferred to resettlement areas as result of the reservoir construction. More than 21,000 people lived in urban areas and more than 19,000 in rural areas. The resettlement were used construct new cities and areas with irrigated settlements and small villages (agrovilas). The resettlements of Apolônio Sales, Icó-Mandantes and Barreiras Bl2 are the oldest in the Petrolândia Municipality, only the first present different infrastructure. This research aims to discuss the challenges in land management of the irrigated schemes of Chesf in Petrolândia after the Itaparica reservoir construction. Field works, including interviews and workshops using the Constellation Analysis methodology was used as tool in the elaboration of this study.  Currently the agrovilas are with an outdated water supply and treatment system most likely causing health issues for the resettled people. The agrovila area presents a disorderly urban increase, normally caused because of immigrants who came to the irrigated scheme to work in the farming or to invest in the agriculture. They also expand new irrigated schemes through inappropriate areas, leaving residential garbage in the native vegetation and using water uncontrolled, causing reduction in the water supply. The debate over the water and land access and the effective action of the public power together with the producers are urgent to solve the existing problems in the resettlements.

Palavras-chave


Environmental Conflicts; Irrigated Settlements; Semi-arid

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Direitos autorais 2017

 

 

 

 

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Programa de Pós Graduação em História - PGH UFRPE

Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco

Rua Dom Manuel de Medeiros, s/nº

Dois Irmão, Recife, PE, CEP: 52171-010

Prédio Professor Ariano Suassuna (1º Andar) 

ISSN: 2525-6092

 

 

 

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