Child care given by adolescent mothers

Raquel Dully Andrade, Jeniffer Stephanie Marques Hilário, Jaqueline Silva Santos, Maria Ambrosina Cardoso Maia, Débora Falleiros de Mello

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective: to characterize child care in the context of teenage motherhood. Method: this is a bibliographical study, type integrative, with searches of articles published in scientific journals from 2012 to 2016, indexed in the LILACS and MEDLINE databases and in the SciELO virtual library. The results were presented in the form of figures. Results: 19 articles were selected with the analysis that grouped the results in the thematic units Transition of roles in society; the bond and the care with the child and Network of support to the adolescent mother. It is pointed out, through the results, that teenage motherhood presents situations that are manifested in the intense transition of roles that the adolescent experiences intrinsically linked to the process of caring for oneself and the child and to the development of the mother-child bond. Conclusion: it is understood that the support network has repercussions in facing this context and in the quality of life and maternal and child health. Descriptors: Adolescent; Pregnancy in Adolescence; Child Care; Child Health; Adolescent Health; Maternal-child Nursing.        

RESUMO

Objetivo: caracterizar o cuidado da criança no contexto da maternidade na adolescência. Método: trata-se de estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa, com buscas de artigos publicados em periódicos científicos de 2012 a 2016, indexados nas bases de dados LILACS e MEDLINE e na biblioteca virtual SciELO. Apresentaram-se os resultados em forma de figuras. Resultados: selecionaram-se 19 artigos com a análise que agrupou os resultados nas unidades temáticas Transição de papéis na sociedade; O vínculo e os cuidados com a criança e Rede de apoio à mãe adolescente. Aponta-se, pelos resultados, que a maternidade na adolescência apresenta situações que se manifestam na intensa transição de papéis que a adolescente vivencia intrinsecamente ligadas ao processo de cuidar de si e da criança e ao desenvolvimento do vínculo mãe-filho. Conclusão: entende-se que a rede de apoio repercute no enfrentamento desse contexto e na qualidade de vida e saúde materno-infantil. Descritores: Adolescente; Gravidez na Adolescência; Cuidado da Criança; Saúde da Criança; Saúde do Adolescente; Enfermagem Materno-Infantil.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: caracterizar el cuidado del niño en el contexto de la maternidad en la adolescencia. Método: se trata de estudio bibliográfico, tipo revisión integrativa, con búsquedas de artículos publicados en periódicos científicos de 2012 a 2016, indexados en las bases de datos LILACS y MEDLINE y en la biblioteca virtual SciELO. Se presentaron los resultados en forma de figuras. Resultados: se seleccionaron 19 artículos con el análisis que agrupó los resultados en las unidades temáticas Transición de papeles en la sociedad; El vínculo y los cuidados con el niño y Red de apoyo a la madre adolescente. Se apunta, por los resultados, que la maternidad en la adolescencia presenta situaciones que se manifiestan en la intensa transición de papeles que la adolescente vive intrínsecamente ligadas al proceso de cuidar de sí y del niño y al desarrollo del vínculo madre-hijo. Conclusión: se entiende que la red de apoyo repercute en el enfrentamiento de ese contexto y en la calidad de vida y salud materno-infantil. Descriptores: Adolescente; Embarazo en Adolescencia; Cuidado del Niño; Salud del Niño; Salud del Adolescente; Enfermería Materno Infantil.


Keywords


Adolescente; Gravidez na Adolescência; Cuidado da Criança; Saúde da Criança; Saúde do Adolescente; Enfermagem Materno-infantil

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.236228



 

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