Profile of nursing diagnoses of tobacco growers

Naise de Moura Dantas, Alexandre Wendell Araujo Moura, Andreivna Kharenine Serbim, Cristiane Araujo Nascimento, Ana Caroline Melo dos Santos, Karol Fireman de Farias

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Objective: to describe Nursing diagnoses according to the Taxonomy II proposed by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted with co plantations. The research was carried out with 51 tobacco growers exposed to agrochemicals living in the rural community. The data were collected through nursing consultations. The data collected were tabulated in the Microsoft Excel 2010 software and later entered into a database using the SPSS software version 22.0, for Windows, and subjected to statistical review and analysis. The results were presented in tables. Results: the Nursing consultations revealed that the majority of the farm workers were females, had incomplete elementary education, and did not practice any type of physical exercise. In addition, they were unaware of the health risks posed by pesticides and neglected the recommended safety standards for the handling of these products. Conclusion: it was observed in this study that nurses have an important role in care and education, in the various spaces of promotion, prevention and maintenance of health care. Descriptors: Nursing; Nursing Diagnoses; Family Health Strategy; Rural Area; Public Health; Occupational Health.

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever os diagnósticos de Enfermagem segundo a taxonomia da American Nursing Diagnosis Association II.  Método: trata-se de estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal, com 51 produtores de tabaco expostos a agroquímicos que viviam na comunidade rural. Coletaram-se os dados por meio das consultas de Enfermagem. Tabularam-se os dados n Programa Microsoft Excel 2010, posteriormente inseridos no banco de dados utilizando o programa SPSS, versão 22.0, for Windows, e submetidos à revisão e análise estatística. Apresentaram-se os resultados em tabelas. Resultados: verificou-se, por meio das consultas de Enfermagem, que a maioria era do sexo feminino, tinha ensino fundamental incompleto e não praticava nenhum tipo de exercício físico. Acrescenta-se, além disso, que eles desconheciam os riscos para a saúde colocados pelos pesticidas e negligenciaram os padrões de segurança recomendados para o manuseio desses produtos. Conclusão: pode-se observar, a partir deste estudo, que o enfermeiro tem um papel importante no cuidado e na educação, nos diversos espaços de promoção, prevenção e manutenção do cuidado em saúde. Descritores: Enfermagem; Diagnósticos de Enfermagem; Estratégia Saúde da Família; Área Rural; Saúde Pública; Saúde do Trabalhador.

RESUMEN

Objetivo: se buscó describir los diagnósticos de Enfermería según la taxonomía de la American Nursing Diagnosis Association II. Método: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal, realizado con 51 productores de tabaco expuestos a agroquímicos que vivían en la comunidad rural. Se recogieron los datos por medio de las consultas de Enfermería. Se tabularon los datos recogidos en el programa Microsoft Excel 2010, posteriormente inseridos en el banco de datos utilizando el programa SPSS, versión 22.0, for Windows, y sometidos a la revisión y análisis estadística. Se presentaron los resultados en tablas. Resultados: se verificó, por medio de las consultas de Enfermería, que la mayoría era del sexo femenino, tenía enseñanza primaria incompleta y no praticaba ningún tipo de ejercicio físico. Además de eso, ellos desconocen los riesgos para la salud colocados por los pesticidas y negligenciaron los patrones de seguridad recomendados para el manoseo de esos productos. Conclusión: se puede observar, a partir de este estudio, que el enfermero tiene un papel importante en el cuidado y en la educación, en los diversos espacios de promoción, prevención y mantenimiento del cuidado en salud. Descriptores: Enfermería; Diagnósticos de Enfermería; Estrategia Salud de la Familia; Zona Rural; Salud Pública; Salud Laboral.


Keywords


Nursing; Nursing diagnoses; Family Health Strategy; Rural area.

References


World Health Organization. Children are facing high risks from pesticide poisoning [Internet]. World Health Organization; 2010 [cited 2017 Dec 27]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2004/np19/en/. 2. Nabih Z, Amiar L, Abidli Z, Windy M, Soulaymani A, Mokhtari A, et al. Epidemiology and risk factors of voluntary pesticide poisoning in Morocco (2008-2014). Epidemiol Health [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 Dec 27];39:e2017040. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28882026. 3. Peres F, Moreira JC, Luz C. Os impactos dos agrotóxicos sobre a saúde e o ambiente. Cien Saude Colet [Internet]. 2007 Mar [cited 2017 Dec 27];12(1):4–4. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S141381232007000100001&lng=pt&tlng=pt. 4. Bedor CNG, Ramos LO, Pereira PJ, Rêgo MAV, Pavão AC, Augusto LG da S. Vulnerabilidades e situações de riscos relacionados ao uso de agrotóxicos na fruticultura irrigada. Rev Bras Epidemiol [Internet]. 2009 Mar [cited 2017 Dec 27];12(1):39–49. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-790X2009000100005&lng=pt&tlng=pt. 5. Zyoud SH, Sawalha AF, Sweileh WM, Awang R, Al-Khalil SI, Al-Jabi SW, et al. Knowledge and practices of pesticide use among farm workers in the West Bank, Palestine: safety implications. Environ Health Prev Med [Internet]. 2010 Jul 10 [cited 2017 Dec 27];15(4):252–61. Available from: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12199-010-0136-3. 6. Hu R, Huang X, Huang J, Li Y, Zhang C, Yin Y, et al. Long- and short-term health effects of pesticide exposure: a cohort study from China. PLoS One [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2017 Dec 27];10(6):e0128766. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26042669. 7. Ncube NM, Fogo C, Bessler P, Jolly CM, Jolly PE. Factors associated with self-reported symptoms of acute pesticide poisoning among farmers in northwestern Jamaica. Arch Environ Occup Health [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2017 Dec 27];66(2):65–74. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24484363. 8. Jensen HK, Konradsen F, Jørs E, Petersen JH, Dalsgaard A. Pesticide Use and Self-Reported Symptoms of Acute Pesticide Poisoning among Aquatic Farmers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. J Toxicol [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2017 Dec 27];2011:639814. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21234245. 9. Rastogi SK, Tripathi S, Ravishanker D. A study of neurologic symptoms on exposure to organophosphate pesticides in the children of agricultural workers. Indian J Occup Environ Med [Internet]. 2010 Aug [cited 2017 Dec 27];14(2):54–7. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2112008210.10. Fenzke MN, Mello MCVA de, Santos KNSC dos, Cezar-Vaz MR. Sicknesses and factors related to rural workers ’health. J Nurs UFPE line [Internet]. 2018 Aug 4 [cited 2018 Aug 11];12(8):2214–26. Availablefrom:https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/view/231532 11. Mattiazzi ÂL, Battisti IDE, Stumm EMF. Is there a relationship between occupational exposure to agrochemicals and hearing changes? J Nurs UFPE line [Internet]. 2017 Nov 5 [cited 2018 Aug 11];11(11):4508–10. Available from:https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/view/25123. 12. Alavanja MCR, Bonner MR. Occupational Pesticide Exposures and Cancer Risk: A Review. J Toxicol Environ Heal Part B [Internet]. 2012 May [cited 2017 Dec 27];15(4):238–63. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22571220. 13. VoPham T, Bertrand KA, Hart JE, Laden F, Brooks MM, Yuan J-M, et al. Pesticide exposure and liver cancer: a review. Cancer Causes Control [Internet]. 2017 Mar 13 [cited 2017 Dec 27];28(3):177–90. Available from:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28194594. 14. Boostani R, Mellat A, Afshari R, Derakhshan S, Saeedi M, Rafeemanesh E, et al. Delayed Polyneuropathy in Farm Sprayers Due to Chronic Low Dose Pesticide Exposure. Iran Red Crescent Med J [Internet]. 2014 May 5 [cited 2017 Dec 27];16(5):e5072. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25031861. 15. Kim Y, Kim JW. Toxic encephalopathy. Saf Health Work [Internet]. 2012 Dec [cited 2017 Dec 27];3(4):243–56. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23251840. 16. Jaga K, Dharmani C. Ocular toxicity from pesticide exposure: A recent review. Environ Health Prev Med [Internet]. 2006 May [cited 2017 Dec 27];11(3):102–7. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21432383 . 17. Peter JV, Sudarsan TI, Moran JL. Clinical features of organophosphate poisoning: A review of different classification systems and approaches. Indian J Crit Care Med [Internet]. 2014 Nov [cited 2017 Dec 27];18(11):735–45. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25425841. 18. Campos É, dos Santos Pinto da Silva V, Sarpa Campos de Mello M, Barros Otero U. Exposure to pesticides and mental disorders in a rural population of Southern Brazil. Neurotoxicology. 2016;56:7–16. 19. Anderson SE, Meade BJ. Potential health effects associated with dermal exposure to occupational chemicals. Environ Health Insights [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2017 Dec 27];8(Suppl 1):51–62. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25574139. 20. Valentim SA, Haddad M do CL, Rossaneis MA. Difficulties experienced by diabetes mellitus carriers residents in rural district. J Nurs UFPE line [Internet]. 2015 Jan 21 [cited 2018 Aug 11];9(4):7330–7. Available from: https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/view/13590. 21. Allen MT, Levy LS. Parkinson’s disease and pesticide exposure – a new assessment. Crit Rev Toxicol [Internet]. 2013 Jul 12 [cited 2017 Dec 27];43(6):515–34. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23844699. 22. Menezes SRT, Priel MR, Pereira LL. Autonomia e vulnerabilidade do enfermeiro na prática da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem. Rev da Esc Enferm da USP [Internet]. 2011 Aug [cited 2017 Dec 28];45(4):953–8. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0080-62342011000400023&lng=pt&tlng=pt23. 23. Valente GSC, Lindolpho M da C, Santos TD dos, Chibante CL, Aquino A de. Nursing care systen for elderly people with Alzheimer’s disease and depressive disorders. J Nurs UFPE line [Internet]. 2013 Apr 7 [cited 2018 Aug 11];7(5):4103–11. Available from: https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/view/11638. 24. Sousa SM, Bernardino E. Nursing management for integral care: integrative review. J Nurs UFPE line [Internet]. 2014 Dec 29 [cited 2018 Aug 11];9(6):8312–21. Available from: https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/view/10592. 25. Neto FRGX, Aurélio D de O, Santos FD dos, Ferreira VES, Pereira RAR, Linhares MSC. Perfil sociodemográfico e trabalhista dos trabalhadores rurais vítimas de acidente no semiárido cearense. Enferm em Foco [Internet]. 2016 Apr 2 [cited 2017 Dec 28];7(1):56–60. Available from: http://revista.portalcofen.gov.br/index.php/enfermagem/article/view/668. 26. Buss J, Xavier S, Cristiene M, Barboza N, Coelho S, Trindade LL, et al. Fumicultores da zona rural de Pelotas ( RS ), no Brasil : exposição ocupacional e a utilização de equipamentos de proteção individual ( EPI ). Saúde em Debate. 2013;37(97):347–53. 27. Riquinho DL, Hennington ÉA, Riquinho DL, Hennington ÉA. Sistema integrado de produção do tabaco: saúde, trabalho e condições de vida de trabalhadores rurais no Sul do Brasil. Cad Saude Publica [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2017 Dec 28];32(12). Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-311X2016001205005&lng=pt&tlng=pt




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.237757



 

INDEXADORES E BASES BIBLIOGRÁFICAS:

doaj

capes bvs ebesco elsevier nlm diadorim periodicaabec

 

cinahl citefactor cuidenplusb socolar ulrichs sumarios

 

Licença Creative Commons

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License