Evaluation of child motor development in high-risk children

Layla Valéria Araújo Borges, Lawanda Kelly Matias de Macêdo, Rayssa Stefani Cesar Lima, Ana Paula Penha Silva, Sara Ferreira Coelho, Hayla Nunes da Conceição, Beatriz Mourão Pereira, Joseneide Teixeira Camara

Abstract


Objective: to assess the quality of life and development of children stratified as high risk. Method: this is a quantitative, descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional study at the Maternal and Child Care Center, with 101 children who used questionnaires to collect data, analyzed and processed in the Epiinfo program, using the Kruskal-Wallis (95% confidence) and Cramer's OV. Results: a positive association was identified between the score of suspected delay in neuro-psychomotor development and the education level of the guardian (p = 0.000), family income (p = 0.000), age group (p = 0.012), time of intervention at birth (p = 0.029) and food (p = 0.003). Conclusion: it is concluded that high-risk children are related to several factors that can cause developmental delay or a low quality of life. However, there is a need for further studies on the subject. Descriptors: Family Health; Quality of Life; Child Development; Nursing; Child Health; Denver II.

Resumo

Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida e o desenvolvimento de crianças estratificadas como de alto risco. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, descritivo, exploratório, transversal, no Centro de Atendimento Materno Infantil, com 101 crianças em que se utilizaram para a coleta de dados questionários, analisados e processados no programa Epiinfo, com o uso do teste de Kruskal-Wallis (95% de confiança) e O V de Cramer. Resultados: identificou-se a associação positiva entre o escore de suspeita de atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor e a escolaridade do responsável (p=0,000), renda familiar (p=0,000), faixa etária (p=0,012), tempo de intervenção ao nascimento (p=0,029) e alimentação (p=0,003). Conclusão: conclui-se que as crianças de alto risco estão relacionadas a diversos fatores que podem gerar atraso no desenvolvimento ou uma baixa qualidade de vida. Ressalta-se, contudo, a necessidade de novos estudos acerca do tema. Descritores: Saúde da Família; Qualidade de Vida; Desenvolvimento Infantil; Enfermagem; Saúde da Criança; Denver II.

Resumen

Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida y el desarrollo de los niños estratificados como de alto riesgo. Método: este es un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio, transversal en el Centro de Atención Materno Infantil, con 101 niños que utilizaron cuestionarios para recopilar datos, analizados y procesados en el programa Epiinfo, utilizando la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis (95% de confianza) y Cramer's OV. Resultados: se identificó una asociación positiva entre la puntuación de sospecha de retraso en el desarrollo neuropsicomotor y el nivel educativo del tutor (p = 0.000), ingresos familiares (p = 0.000), grupo de edad (p = 0.012), tiempo de intervención al nacer (p = 0.029) y alimentación (p = 0.003). Conclusión: se concluye que los niños de alto riesgo están relacionados con varios factores que pueden causar retraso en el desarrollo o una baja calidad de vida. Sin embargo, se enfatiza la necesidad de más estudios sobre el tema. Descriptores: Salud Familiar; Calidad de Vida; Desarrollo Infantil; Enfermería; Salud Infantil; Denver II.


Keywords


Family Health; Quality of life; Child development; Nursing; Child Health; Denver II.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2020.244121



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