A contribution to the understanding of the changes in the profile of the informal recycling market caused by the closure of large dumpsites: a case study from Brazil

Silvanda Galvão Arruda, José Mariano Sá Aragão, Maisa Mendonça Silva, Sandro Valença, Simone Machado Santos

Resumo


R E S U M O

A separação de resíduos sólidos, como fonte de subsistência, nas ruas ou lixões, ainda é uma realidade em países em desenvolvimento, como o Brasil. A gestão de resíduos sólidos (GRS), quando não planejada de forma integrada, inevitavelmente, afeta o elo mais frágil dessa cadeia os—catadores. Na Região Metropolitana do Recife (RMR), o encerramento dos lixões da Muribeca e de Aguazinha, na última década, desmobilizou um contingente estimado de 1300 catadores. Adicionalmente, nenhum estudo prévio sobre os possíveis efeitos do fechamento desses lixões sobre mercado informal de reciclagem foi realizado. Nesse contexto, este estudo teve como objetivo fornecer suporte ao entendimento da situação atual dos catadores, propondo medidas que possam auxiliar na integração do mercado informal de reciclagem à GRS municipal, após o fechamento dos lixões. Por meio da utilização de questionários estruturados como ferramenta de pesquisa, os resultados obtidos neste estudo delineiam um perfil dos catadores de resíduos em relação à idade, renda e forma de trabalho, além de mostrar um panorama geral sobre o mercado informal de reciclagem.

Palavras-chave: Catadores; Mercado informal de reciclagem; Cooperativas; Integração; Gestão de resíduos sólidos; Países em desenvolvimento.

 

 

A B S T R A C T

Waste picking, as a source of subsistence, whether in the street or in open dumpsites, is still a reality in developing countries, such as Brazil. Solid waste management, if not planned in an integrated way, inevitably affects the most fragile links in the chain of such management—the waste pickers. In the Recife Metropolitan Region (RMR), the closure of the Muribeca and Aguazinha dumpsites in the last decade disrupted a contingent of waste pickers, which was estimated to consist of more than 1300 people. In addition, no previous and consolidated study took place about the effects of the closure of those dumpsites on the informal recycling market. In this context, this work aims to provide support to understand waste pickers’ current situation and proposes measures that can result in the informal recycling market’s official integration after the closure of the dumpsites. Using the structured questionnaires as an interview tool, the results obtained in this study reveal the profile of the waste pickers, including age, income, and employment, as well as an overall profile of the informal recycling market.

Keywords: Waste pickers; Informal recycling market; Cooperative; Integration; Waste management; Developing countries.


Palavras-chave


Waste pickers; Informal recycling market; Cooperative; Integration; Waste management; Developing countries

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26848/rbgf.v13.5.p1953-1969

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