Instrumentos para a avaliação de estresse em estudantes de enfermagem

Sandra Soares Mendes, Carolina Pasquini Praxedes Salvi, Bruno Fernando Moneta Moraes, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino

Resumo


RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar instrumentos para a avaliação do estresse em alunos de graduação em Enfermagem. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa, com buscas de artigos nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, publicados entre 2007 e 2017, nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF, CINAHL, WEB OF SCIENCE e Scopus. Apresentaram-se os resultados por meio de figuras e uma tabela. Resultados: analisou-se uma amostra de 25 artigos, que identificou 13 instrumentos distintos, sendo os mais utilizados a Escala de Estresse Percebido (PSS), o Questionário KEZKAK, a Escala de Evento de Vida Estressante (SLES), a Escala de Estressores em Estudantes de Enfermagem (SINS), o Índice de Estresse de Estudante de Enfermagem (SNSI) e o Instrumento para a Avaliação de Estresse de Estudantes de Enfermagem (AEEE). Conclusão: obtiveram-se diversos instrumentos validados, capazes de avaliar várias fontes de estresse em estudantes de Enfermagem durante o período da formação acadêmica, sobretudo, nas atividades de prática clínica, por meio de instrumentos psicométricos específicos, os quais podem auxiliar os gestores das instituições acadêmicas no reconhecimento precoce de problemas de saúde potenciais, tornando o período de formação profissional mais produtivo. Descritores: Estudantes de Enfermagem; Estresse Psicológico; Inquéritos e Questionários; Educação em Enfermagem; Educação; Enfermagem.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify instruments for the evaluation of stress in nursing undergraduate students. Method: this is a bibliographical study, type integrative, with searches of articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish, published between 2007 and 2017, in the LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF, CINAHL, WEB OF SCIENCE and Scopus databases. The results were presented by means of figures and a table. Results: a sample of 25 articles was analyzed, which identified 13 different instruments, the most used being the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the KEZKAK Questionnaire, the Stressful Life Event Scale (SLES), the Stressors in Nursing Students Scale (SINS), the Student Nurse Stress Index (SNSI) and the Nursing Student Stress Assessment Instrument (NSSAI). Conclusion: several validated instruments have been obtained, capable of evaluating various sources of stress in nursing students during the period of academic training, especially in clinical practice activities, through specific psychometric instruments, which can assist the managers of the institutions early recognition of potential health problems, making the period of professional training more productive. Descriptors: Nursing students; Psychological stress; Inquiries and Questionnaires; Nursing Education; Education; Nursing.    

RESUMEN

Objetivo:  identificar instrumentos para la evaluación del estrés en alumnos de graduación en Enfermería. Método: se trata de un estudio bibliográfico, tipo revisión integrativa con las búsquedas de artículos en portugués, inglés y español, publicados entre 2007 y 2017 en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF, CINAHL, Web of Science y Scopus. Se presentaron los resultados por medio de figuras y una tabla. Resultados: se analizó una muestra de 25 artículos, que identificó 13 instrumentos distintos, siendo los más utilizados la Escala de estrés percibido (PSS), el Cuestionario KEZKAK, la Escala de Evento de Vida Estresante (SLES), la Escala de Factores de Estrés en los Estudiantes de Enfermería (SINS), el Índice de Estrés de Estudiante de Enfermería (SNSI) y el Instrumento para la Evaluación de Estrés de Estudiantes de Enfermería (AEEE). Conclusión: se obtuvieron diversos instrumentos validados, capaces de evaluar varias fuentes de estrés en estudiantes de Enfermería durante el período de la formación académica, sobre todo, en las actividades de práctica clínica, por medio de instrumentos psicométricos específicos, los cuales pueden auxiliar a los gestores de las instituciones académicas en reconocimiento precoz de problemas de salud potenciales, haciendo el período de formación profesional más productivo. Descritores: Estudiantes de Enfermería; Stress Psicológico, Encuestas y Questionarios; Educación en Enfermería; Educación; Enfermería. 


Palavras-chave


Estudantes de Enfermagem; Estresse Psicológico; Inquéritos e Questionários; Educação em Enfermagem; Educação; Aprendizagem

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963-v13i3a236076p829-838-2019



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