Enfrentamento ao Aedes aegypti no contexto brasileiro

Diane Sales Vieira, Ítala Keane Rodrigues Dias, Cicera Luciana da Silva Sobreira, Francisco Elizaudo de Brito Junior, Maria do Socorro Vieira Lopes

Resumo


Objetivo: sintetizar as ações desenvolvidas para o enfrentamento ao Aedes aegypti no contexto brasileiro. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, descritivo, tipo revisão integrativa. Realizou-se a busca na MEDLINE, LILACS e BDENF. Utilizaram-se os filtros: texto completo disponível; idioma (português, inglês e espanhol), tipo de documento (artigo) e ano de publicação (2013-2018). Organizou-se o processo de definição e seleção dos estudos por meio do fluxograma PRISMA. Utilizou-se o software IRAMUTEQ para o processamento e a análise dos dados. Analisaram-se os dados a partir da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente e da nuvem de palavras. Resultados: selecionaram-se 31 estudos. Originaram-se seis classes com as seguintes estratégias: fungos entomopatogênicos; peixes larvívoros; Wolbachia pipientis; técnicas RILD e SIT; inseticidas botânicos; larvicidas Diflubenzuron e Deltramina; Piriproxifeno; monitoramento tecnológico; visitas regulares pelo ACS e ACE; abordagem ecossaúde; MIV e campanhas. Conclusão: conclui-se que há uma variedade de estratégias de enfrentamento às arboviroses e o quão são necessários o aperfeiçoamento e o desenvolvimento de técnicas inovadoras para o controle deste agravo. Descritores: Aedes; Controle de Mosquitos; Brasil; Prevenção de Doenças; Infecções por Arbovírus; Controle de Infecções.

Abstract

Objective: to synthesize the actions developed to confront Aedes aegypti in the Brazilian context. Method: this is a bibliographic, descriptive, integrative review study. The search was performed at MEDLINE, LILACS and BDENF. The filters were used: full text available; language (Portuguese, English and Spanish), type of document (article) and year of publication (2013-2018). The process of definition and selection of studies was organized through the PRISMA flowchart. IRAMUTEQ software was used for data processing and analysis. Data was analyzed from Descending Hierarchical Classification and word cloud. Results: 31 studies were selected. Six classes originated with the following strategies: entomo-pathogenic fungi; larval fish; Wolbachia pipientis; RILD and SIT techniques; botanical insecticides; larvicides Diflubenzuron and Deltramine; Pyriproxyfen; technological monitoring; regular visits by ACS and ACE; eco-health approach; MIV and campaigns. Conclusion: it is concluded that there are a variety of strategies for coping with arboviruses and how much the improvement and development of innovative techniques for the control of this disease are necessary. Descriptors: Aedes; Mosquito Control; Brazil; Disease Prevention; Arbovirus Infections;
Infection Control.

Resumen

Objetivo: sintetizar las acciones desarrolladas para enfrentar al Aedes aegypti en el contexto brasileño. Método: este es un estudio bibliográfico, descriptivo, tipo revisión integradora. La búsqueda se realizó en MEDLINE, LILACS y BDENF. Se utilizaron los filtros: texto completo disponible; idioma (portugués, inglés y español), tipo de documento (artículo) y año de publicación (2013-2018). El proceso de definición y selección de estudios se organizó a través del diagrama de flujo PRISMA. El software IRAMUTEQ se utilizó para el procesamiento y análisis de datos. Los datos se analizaron a partir de Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente y nube de palabras. Resultados: se seleccionaron 31 estudios. Seis clases se originaron con las siguientes estrategias: hongos entomopatógenos; peces larvales; Wolbachia pipientis; Técnicas RILD y SIT; insecticidas botánicos; larvicidas Diflubenzuron y Deltramine; Piriproxifeno; monitoreo tecnológico; visitas regulares de ACS y ACE; enfoque de ecosalud; MIV y campañas. Conclusión: se concluye que hay una variedad de estrategias para hacer frente a los arbovirus y cuánto es necesaria la mejora y el desarrollo de técnicas innovadoras para el control de esta enfermedad. Descriptores: Aedes; Control de Mosquitos; Brasil; Prevención de Enfermedades; Infecciones por Arbovirus; Control de Infecciones.


Palavras-chave


Aedes; Controle de Mosquitos; Brasil; Prevenção de Doenças; Infecções por Arbovirus; Controle de Infecções.

Texto completo:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5205/1981-8963.2019.241722



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