Variação sazonal das redes de interações planta-artrópodes em Floresta Tropical Sazonalmente Seca

Joanny Kelly Silva dos Santos Martins, Antônio Fernando Morais Oliveira, Jarcilene Silva Almeida

Resumo


O presente artigo apresenta uma visão ampla das interações entre plantas e artrópodes no ecossistema Caatinga, destacando o papel da sazonalidade climática na disponibilidade e qualidade dos recursos vegetais, bem como os efeitos destes fatores na produção de defesas químicas vegetais, interações mutualísticas, e interações antagônicas como herbivoria. Os efeitos indiretos de um nível trófico sobre outro no ecossistema Caatinga também são relatados. A Caatinga e outras florestas secas compartilham várias características, como a prevalência do sistema de polinização biótico e a dispersão abiótica de sementes. A alta frequência de plantas com Nectários extraflorais possibilita uma ampla gama de interações entre plantas e artrópodes, mas especialmente com formigas. Porém, todas estas interações apresentam seus custos e benefícios de forma variável, tendo como a principal justificativa a sazonalidade dos fatores abióticos. A Caatinga vem passando por fragmentação em virtude de ações antrópicas e as mudanças climáticas já se mostram críticas sobre vários aspectos da ecologia deste ecossistema. Assim, a quebra ou alterações nas interações causam efeitos múltiplos em vários distintos níveis biológicos que irão repercutir desde o nível de população ao nível de ecossistemas, sendo essencial a compreensão das interações ecológicas em termos de dinâmica florestal para que só assim ocorra de forma apropriada o planejamento para restauração e melhores práticas de conservação na Caatinga.

Palavras-chave


Caatinga; polinização; Herbivoria; predação; fator abiótico

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26848/rbgf.v13.6.p%25p

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